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Few transformations in American politics have been as important as the integration of African Americans into the Democratic Party and the Republican embrace of racial policy conservatism. The story of this partisan realignment on race is often told as one in which political elites—such as Lyndon Johnson and Barry Goldwater—set in motion a dramatic and sudden reshuffling of party positioning on racial issues during the 1960s. Racial Realignment instead argues that top party leaders were actually among the last to move, and that their choices were dictated by changes that had already occurred beneath them. Drawing upon rich data sources and original historical research, Eric Schickler shows that the two parties' transformation on civil rights took place gradually over decades.

Schickler reveals that Democratic partisanship, economic liberalism, and support for civil rights had crystallized in public opinion, state parties, and Congress by the mid-1940s. This trend was propelled forward by the incorporation of African Americans and the pro-civil-rights Congress of Industrial Organizations into the Democratic coalition. Meanwhile, Republican partisanship became aligned with economic and racial conservatism. Scrambling to maintain existing power bases, national party elites refused to acknowledge these changes for as long as they could, but the civil rights movement finally forced them to choose where their respective parties would stand.

Presenting original ideas about political change, Racial Realignment sheds new light on twentieth and twenty-first century racial politics.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
  2. pp. i-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. List of Illustrations
  2. pp. vii-x
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xi-xiv
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  1. CHAPTER 1 Introduction
  2. pp. 1-24
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  1. PART 1 Transforming American Liberalism
  2. pp. 25-26
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  1. CHAPTER 2 Race: The Early New Deal’s Blind Spot
  2. pp. 27-44
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  1. CHAPTER 3 Transforming Liberalism, 1933–1940
  2. pp. 45-80
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  1. CHAPTER 4 Liberalism Transformed: The Early Civil Rights Movement and the “Liberal Lobby”
  2. pp. 81-98
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  1. PART 2 Realignment from Below: Voters and Midlevel Party Actors
  2. pp. 99-100
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  1. CHAPTER 5 Civil Rights and New Deal Liberalism in the Mass Public
  2. pp. 101-128
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  1. CHAPTER 6 The African American Realignment and New Deal Liberalism
  2. pp. 129-149
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  1. CHAPTER 7 State Parties and the Civil Rights Realignment
  2. pp. 150-175
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  1. CHAPTER 8 Beyond the Roll Call: The Congressional Realignment
  2. pp. 176-208
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  1. PART 3 THE NATIONAL PARTIES RESPOND
  2. pp. 209-210
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  1. CHAPTER 9 Facing a Changing Party: Democratic Elites and Civil Rights
  2. pp. 211-236
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  1. CHAPTER 10 Lincoln’s Party No More: The Transformation of the GOP
  2. pp. 237-270
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  1. CHAPTER 11 Conclusions
  2. pp. 271-286
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 287-350
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 351-364
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781400880973
Related ISBN
9780691153872
MARC Record
OCLC
1017611027
Pages
384
Launched on MUSE
2018-01-03
Language
English
Open Access
No
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