In this Book

summary
Reformers have promoted mixed-member electoral systems as the “best of both worlds.” In this volume, internationally recognized political scientists evaluate the ways in which the introduction of a mixed-member electoral system affects the configuration of political parties. The contributors examine several political phenomena, including cabinet post allocation, nominations, preelectoral coalitions, split-ticket voting, and the size of party systems and faction systems. Significantly, they also consider various ways in which the constitutional system—especially whether the head of government is elected directly or indirectly—can modify the incentives created by the electoral system. Part I of the book provides an in-depth comparison of Taiwan and Japan, both of which moved from single nontransferable vote systems to mixed-member majoritarian systems. These cases demonstrate that the higher the payoffs of attaining the executive office and the greater the degree of cross-district coordination required to win it, the stronger the incentives for elites to form and stay in the major parties. In such a context, a country will move rapidly toward a two-party system. In Part II, the contributors apply this theoretical logic to other countries with mixed-member systems and find that executive competition has the same effect on legislative electoral rules in countries as disparate as Thailand, the Philippines, New Zealand, Bolivia, and Russia. The findings presented here demonstrate that the success of electoral reform depends not only on the specification of new electoral rules per se but also on the political context—and especially the constitutional framework—within which such rules are embedded.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
  2. pp. i-iii
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  1. Copyright Page
  2. p. iv
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. List of Abbreviations
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Introduction: Legislature-Centric and Executive-Centric Theories of Party Systems and Faction Systems
  2. Nathan F. Batto and Gary W. Cox
  3. pp. 1-22
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  1. Part I. The Consequences of MMM on Political Coordination in Taiwan and Japan
  2. pp. 23-24
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  1. Chapter One. The Consequences of MMM on Party Systems
  2. Chi Huang, Ming-Feng Kuo, and Hans Stockton
  3. pp. 25-51
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  1. Chapter Two. The Consequences of Constitutional Systems on Party Systems
  2. Jih-wen Lin
  3. pp. 52-72
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  1. Chapter Three. LDP Factions under SNTV and MMM
  2. Yoshiaki Kobayashi and Hiroki Tsukiyama
  3. pp. 73-101
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  1. Chapter Four. Executive Competition, Electoral Rules, and Faction Systems in Taiwan
  2. Nathan F. Batto and Hsin-ta Huang
  3. pp. 102-134
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  1. Chapter Five. Innovations in Candidate Selection Methods
  2. Eric Chen-hua Yu, Kaori Shoji, and Nathan F. Batto
  3. pp. 135-164
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  1. Chapter Six. Post Allocation, List Nominations, and Preelectoral Coalitions under MMM
  2. Kuniaki Nemoto and Chia-hung Tsai
  3. pp. 165-193
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  1. Chapter Seven. Split-Ticket Voting under MMM
  2. T. Y. Wang, Chang-chih Lin, and Yi-ching Hsiao
  3. pp. 194-226
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  1. Part II. Coordination in Mixed-Member Systems in Comparative Perspective
  2. pp. 227-228
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  1. Chapter Eight. Thailand and the Philippines under MMM
  2. Allen Hicken
  3. pp. 229-246
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  1. Chapter Nine. Political Consequences of New Zealand’s MMP System in Comparative Perspective
  2. Matthew S. Shugart and Alexander C. Tan
  3. pp. 247-277
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  1. Chapter Ten. Presidents and Blank Votes in the Bolivian and Russian Mixed-Member Systems
  2. Nathan F. Batto, Henry A. Kim, and Natalia Matukhno
  3. pp. 278-299
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  1. Conclusions: Mixed-Member Systems Embedded within Constitutional Systems
  2. Chi Huang
  3. pp. 300-310
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 311-316
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 317-326
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780472121588
Related ISBN
9780472119738
MARC Record
OCLC
945376338
Pages
512
Launched on MUSE
2018-08-29
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
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