Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

List of Figures

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pp. ix-x

List of Tables

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pp. xi-xii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xiii-xiv

Dr. Robert Van Kemper, Southern Methodist University, who was Isabel T. Kelly’s literary executor, was to have written a preface but was unable to due to deteriorating health in 2013. He passed away on November 8, 2013. We owe him a great debt of thanks for his patience and understanding as to the length of time it...

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Orthographic Note

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pp. xv-xvi

This volume follows for the most part the orthographic conventions developed by Wick Miller for editing Kelly’s phonetic transcriptions in the publication of her “Eastern Bands” Southern Paiute field notes (see Miller 1964). Miller modified some of her notations for ease of printing but was careful to maintain many of her conventions...

Abbreviations

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pp. xvii-xviii

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Introduction

Catherine S. Fowler

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pp. 1-19

The chapters that follow present the ethnographic field notes made in the early 1930s by anthropologist Isabel T. Kelly among the Southern Paiute people of the “Las Vegas” or northeastern Mojave Desert region of California and Nevada. They are part of the larger Kelly Southern Paiute/Chemehuevi archive, which...

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1. Territorial Boundaries and Neighbors

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pp. 20-27

Kelly’s “Las Vegas” territory includes a large section of southern Nevada and adjacent southeastern California. The area shares borders with the Moapa Southern Paiute on the east and the closely related Chemehuevi on the south as well as the linguistically more distant Timbisha Shoshone and Western Shoshone on the west and north. The Mohave...

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2. Camps, Settlements, and Other Places

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pp. 28-47

Kelly collected extensive data on camps, settlements, and other places for Las Vegas territory as part of her primary research focus on land use and ethnogeography. These data are closely tied to those on subsistence, including sites where families clustered and planted crops and the locations of springs and temporary camps where people went...

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3. Subsistence: Wild Foods

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pp. 48-81

Kelly’s field notes for the Las Vegas area contain a wealth of data on subsistence, as her field project was based in ethnogeography. Given the period when she was working, her consultants, at least in their younger years, had been involved in various aspects of hunting and collecting wild animal and plant foods. They had also seen or participated...

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4. Gardening

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pp. 82-93

Kelly was particularly interested in indigenous gardening, an important aspect of Las Vegas Southern Paiute subsistence and a unique feature found only sporadically in the southern Great Basin (Fowler 1986). Roughly one-third of her notes on subsistence concern this topic, including data on the crops planted, planting procedures, and harvesting...

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5. Material Culture

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pp. 94-114

The notes on material culture include data on hunting equipment (bows, arrows, arrow-making tools, quivers, knives, arrow poison), war equipment, household utensils (spoons, mush stirrers, awls), grinding stones, fire-making implements, basketry (types, construction, materials, and uses), pottery manufacture, net making, and hide working...

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6. Houses and Other Structures

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pp. 115-123

Mataviam, Daisy Smith, and Mary Ann all contributed descriptions of houses and house types that they recalled seeing in the mountains and the valleys of the region. The descriptions do not always agree, and there seem to have been some differences in construction, depending in part on the availability of materials but also perhaps on personal...

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7. Clothing and Personal Adornment

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pp. 124-138

Each of Kelly’s consultants contributed materials toward the description of clothing and personal adornment used by people “long ago.” Given that there are few descriptions of clothing for the people of this region in the earliest historical sources, and by the time photographers were in the area in the 1870s, much of the dress had been altered...

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8. Social and Political Organization

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pp. 139-151

Kelly’s notes on social and political organization include mainly discussions with her consultants about matters concerning the life cycle of an individual as each of them had experienced it (birth, childhood, puberty, marriage, death). She also collected a few notes on the role of local leaders and other persons with special status and authority but did...

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9. Natural and Supernatural Worlds

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pp. 152-160

This chapter brings together Kelly’s Las Vegas notes on several topics, including her consultants’ views of time reckoning (seasons, months, days), counting, directions, and observations of constellations and other meteorological phenomena, as well as certain supernatural aspects of their world (spirits, sacred places, etc.). The organization follows...

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10. Games and Amusements

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pp. 161-168

Kelly’s field notes contain descriptions of several types of games and other amusements, including music and dance. Some of these were played or performed strictly for pleasure, while others (especially dances) often occurred on both social and more sacred occasions (see also Chapter 12). For some of the activities, everyone participated, including...

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11. Medicines, Pipes, and Smoking

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pp. 169-174

The data that follow include materials on what likely were some of the more commonly known medicinal plants and their uses, along with what Kelly obtained on the manufacture of pipes and the conditions under which smoking of tobacco took place. Neither the use of these plants nor smoking was considered to be a religious activity by the...

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12. Music, Songs, Dances, and Ceremonies

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pp. 175-190

Southern Paiute aesthetic culture, including music, songs, dances, and ceremonies, had been little described by the 1930s when Kelly was in the field, and in many ways, that situation remains unchanged today. Thus the data she collected on these topics are in many senses pioneering and unique. In 1910, Edward Sapir wrote a short article on what...

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13. Trade, Transportation, and Travel

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pp. 191-200

Kelly asked her consultants specifically about trade, transportation, and travel during the course of her field studies but also received some comments on them (especially trade) during other interviews (see also Chapter 1 and Chapter 2). Mataviam and Daisy Smith provided most of the information, but given that Mataviam’s comments can...

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14. Sacred and Historical Traditions

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pp. 201-206

Kelly’s Las Vegas notes contain few traditional tales, including either sacred traditions or historical stories. This is likely because her purpose in field studies was ethnogeography rather than general ethnography and also perhaps because she felt that Lowie (1924b) and Sapir (1930–1931) had recorded a representative sample. However, there are some...

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Appendix: Place-­Names in Kelly’s Las Vegas Region

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pp. 207-222

The following list of place-names is largely from Kelly’s field notes but with a few additions made from the meager literature and from additional fieldwork with the Las Vegas Tribe’s Language Group (see the acknowledgments). The numbers are coordinated with those in the text (especially Chapter 2) and with the maps in Figures A.1–A.5. Some...

References Cited

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pp. 223-228