Front Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

List of Illustrations

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

Collaborative scholarship is a rarity in a profession where most work in isolation. In this case it is the fruit of a friendship of long standing and mutual affection; it derives from a shared desire to bring to the attention of general and specialized readers in the English-speaking world the writings of the...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-64

An Account of the Martyrs in the Provinces of La Florida (Relación de los mártires que ha habido en las Provincias de la Florida, c. 1619), written by the Peruvian Franciscan Luis Jerónimo de Oré (1554– 1630), makes several new claims on our understanding of the US historical...

An Account of the Martyrs in the Provinces of La Florida

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1. An Account of the Martyrs in the Provinces of La Florida...

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pp. 69-78

In the year 1513 Juan Ponce de León1 was the first Spaniard to discover the coast and mainland of the kingdom of La Florida. Ponce de León was a well-born native of León; previously he had been governor of the island of San Juan de Puerto Rico. Because he discovered La Florida on...

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2. Account of the Arrival of the Adelantado Diego Menéndez Valdés in La Florida...

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pp. 79-82

His Majesty the Emperor having been interested2 in the conquest and discovery of La Florida (as has already been related), his son, King Philip II of glorious memory, pursued the task with the same interest.3 For that reason, in 1564, His Majesty sent Pedro Menéndez Valdés,4 a noble...

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3. About the Discovery of the Jacán and the Martyrdom of Twelve Clerics...

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pp. 83-86

Around the year 1570, when Adelantado Pedro Menéndez was governing the presidios of La Florida, a ship circling to the north at latitude 37½ degrees, set out from the port of Santa Elena and put into a large bay that the Spaniards called Madre de Dios. From among the Indians who came on...

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4. How the Indians’ Treachery and the Death of the Religious Were Discovered

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pp. 87-90

After a year had passed the same captain, Vicente González, went to take supplies to the religious. Within sight of the town he saw on the beach persons dressed in cassocks and other religious garments; so it appeared to him that they were the priests. He waited until one of them came...

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5. Regarding the Rebellion of the Indians of Santa Elena and Guale

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pp. 91-96

At the same time that the adelantado returned to Spain and left governance of the presidios to his son-in-law, don Diego de Velasco, the Indians of Guale and Escamacu were living in such peace and tranquility that only one soldier was required to go from one village to another to trade and...

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6. Regarding the Entrusting of the Government of La Florida to Pedro Menéndez Marqués...

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pp. 97-108

Around the year 1577 His Majesty ordered Pedro Menéndez Marqués,1 nephew of the adelantado, the latter of whom was at that time admiral of the fleet of galleons of the Carrera de Indias, and contador (accountant) for La Florida,2 to go with his infantry to rebuild the fort at Santa Elena in the...

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7. Account of the Death of Five Martyrs and of a Confessor...

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pp. 109-122

In 1595, at the command of His Majesty King Philip II, of glorious memory, at the request of Captain Domingo Martínez de Avendaño, Father Friar Francisco de Arzubiaga, commissioner general of the Indies of the Franciscan Order, sent twelve religious to proceed with the conversion...

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8. An Account of the Great Suffering That Father Ávila Endured... and the Death and Martyrdom of Father Veráscola...

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pp. 123-132

Returning to my story of how God freed me from Indian hands, I state that, although I hid among the reeds, they found me and shot me through with arrows. The Indians held me for an hour, leaving me with one of their guards during the time that it took them to sack and rob the church...

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9. Telling How the Indians of the Province of Guale Were Pacified...

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pp. 133-140

Pedro de Ibarra1 succeeded Gonzalo Méndez de Canzo as governor. During his period of office, in the year 1604, His Majesty Philip III sent a good number of religious from the province of Los Ángeles2 to continue the conversions that had begun in La Florida. Father Friar Bartolomé Romero...

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10. About Other Things That Happened to the Religious in This Conversion Effort, and an Account of the Large Province of Apalache

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pp. 141-150

I, Father Friar Martín Prieto,1 definidor of this province of Santa Elena in La Florida, state that Father Friar Luis Jerónimo de Oré, commissioner of said province, having commanded me by virtue of obedience and my having taken the oath in verbo sacerdotis to declare what I know on...

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11. Regarding the First Provincial Chapter of This Province of La Florida...

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pp. 151-158

In 1614, with the permission of His Majesty and with a provision from the Royal Council of the Indies, Father Friar Juan de Vivanco, commissioner general of the Indies, ordered Father Friar Luis Jerónimo de Oré, from the Province of the Twelve Apostles in Peru, to visit the province of La Florida...

Bibliography

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pp. 159-172

Index

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pp. 173-182

Back Cover

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