In this Book

summary
Eritrean refugees crisscross between countries in the Horn of Africa and North Africa in search of a safe place. Along their journeys, they are looted, threatened, intimidated, violated, and held for ransom. This book revisits the human trafficking crisis that first emerged in the Sinai at the end of 2008 and examines the expansion of human trafficking of Eritrean refugees and other forms of exploitation beyond the Sinai. It focuses on the modus operandi of these practices and on identifying their key facilitators and beneficiaries. The book locates the origin of these practices within Eritrea; it reveals how a deliberate policy of impoverishment and human rights abuses has driven the people out of the country, and how individuals within Eritrea, and particularly within the ruling party, benefit from the smuggling and trafficking of Eritrean refugees. The use of information communication technologies (ICTs) is identified as key to the new modus operandi of this criminal business and is found to further facilitate widespread collective trauma amongst Eritreans, who witness the abuse of their family members and fellow nationals through digital networks. An entire section in this book is dedicated to assessing the extent and effects of individual and collective trauma caused by Sinai trafficking and to examining potential approaches to healing. Other sections discuss the vulnerabilities of Eritrean minors and women, and the connections between human trafficking, terrorism and organ trafficking. The last section of the book raises the question of accountability. It examines and evaluates international responses to this forgotten crisis, and discusses the need for policies that tackle the problem where it emerges: in Eritrea.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Ttile Page, Copyright Page
  2. pp. i-ii
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  1. About the Contributors
  2. pp. iii-viii
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  1. Table of Contents
  2. pp. ix-xiv
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  1. Acknowledgements
  2. Mirjam Van Reisen and Munyaradzi Mawere
  3. pp. xv-xvi
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  1. Justification
  2. p. xvii
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  1. Acronyms
  2. pp. xviii-xx
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  1. Chapter 1: Introduction
  2. Mirjam Van Reisen
  3. pp. 1-16
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  1. Part 1: The Ongoing Human Trafficking Crisis
  2. pp. 17-18
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  1. Chapter 2: Human Trafficking in the Sinai: Mapping the Routes and Facilitators
  2. Mirjam Van Reisen, Meron Estefanos & Lena Reim
  3. pp. 19-94
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  1. Chapter 3: The Exodus from Eritrea and Who is Benefiting
  2. Mirjam Van Reisen & Meron Estefanos
  3. pp. 95-158
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  1. Chapter 4: Human Trafficking Connecting to Terrorism and Organ Trafficking: Libya and Egypt
  2. Mirjam Van Reisen & Meron Estefanos
  3. pp. 159-192
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  1. Chapter 5: Eritrean Unaccompanied Minors in Human Trafficking
  2. Mirjam van Reisen & Taha Al-Qasim
  3. pp. 193-221
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  1. Chapter 6: The Fragmentation of Families: Eritrean Women in Exile in Uganda
  2. Eyob Ghilazghy, Sacha Kuilman & Lena Reim
  3. pp. 222-269
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  1. Part 2: Severe Trauma
  2. pp. 270-271
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  1. Chapter 7: The Trauma of Survivors of Sinai Trafficking
  2. Mirjam Van Reisen, Selam Kidane & Lena Reim
  3. pp. 272-317
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  1. Chapter 8: Collective Trauma from Sinai Trafficking: A Blow to the Fabric of Eritrean Society
  2. Selam Kidane & Mirjam Van Reisen
  3. pp. 318-347
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  1. Part 3: A Crisis of Accountability
  2. pp. 348-349
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  1. Chapter 9: Crimes against Humanity: The Commission of Inquiry on Eritrea
  2. Susan Höfner & Zara Tewolde-Berhan
  3. pp. 350-369
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  1. Chapter 10: The Long Arm of the Eritrean Regime in the Netherlands
  2. Klara Smits, DSP-Group & Tilburg University
  3. pp. 370-405
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  1. Chapter 11: Atlantic Council: The Eritrean Regime's US Spin Doctors?
  2. François Christophe
  3. pp. 406-429
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  1. Chapter 12: The Policy Agenda in Europe and Africa
  2. Zara Tewolde-Berhan, Martin Plaut, & Klara Smits
  3. pp. 430-465
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  1. Chapter 13: Prosecuting Sinai Trafficking: An Overview of Options
  2. Daniel Mekonnen & Wegi Sereke
  3. pp. 466-498
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  1. Back Cover
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Additional Information

ISBN
9789956764167
Related ISBN
9789956764877
MARC Record
OCLC
975238241
Pages
520
Launched on MUSE
2017-03-14
Language
English
Open Access
No
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