In this Book

summary
The Middle Included is the first comprehensive account of the Ancient Greek word logos in Aristotelian philosophy. Logos means many things in the Aristotelian corpus: essential formula, proportion, reason, and language. Surveying these meanings in Aristotle’s logic, physics, and ethics, Ömer Aygün persuasively demonstrates that these divers meanings of logos all refer to a basic sense of “gathering” or “inclusiveness.” In this sense, logos functions as a counterpart to a formal version of the principles of non-contradiction and of the excluded middle in his corpus. Aygün thus shifts Aristotle’s traditional image from that of the father of formal logic, classificatory thinking, and exclusion to a more nuanced image of him as a thinker of inclusion.
 
The Middle Included also explores human language in Aristotelian philosophy. After an account of acoustic phenomena and animal communication, Aygün argues that human language for Aristotle is the ability to understand and relay both first-hand experiences and non-first-hand experiences. This definition is key to understanding many core human experiences such as science, history, news media, education, sophistry, and indeed philosophy itself. Logos is thus never associated with any other animal nor with anything divine—it remains strictly and rigorously secular, humane, and yet full of the wonder.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
  2. pp. i-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Abbreviations
  2. pp. xi-xii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xiii-xviii
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  1. Introduction: The Question and the Method
  2. pp. 3-22
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  1. Chapter 1: Being (Logos in the Categories)
  2. pp. 23-42
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  1. Chapter 2: Potentiality (Logos in On Interpretation)
  2. pp. 43-62
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  1. Chapter 3: Natural Motion (Logos in the Physics)
  2. pp. 63-88
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  1. Chapter 4: Animal Motion (Logos in On the Soul)
  2. pp. 89-112
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  1. Chapter 5: Action (Logos in the Nicomachean Ethics)
  2. pp. 113-144
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  1. Chapter 6: Speech (Logos in the Politics)
  2. pp. 145-188
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  1. Conclusion
  2. pp. 189-210
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 211-248
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 249-260
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  1. General Index
  2. pp. 261-266
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  1. Index Locorum
  2. pp. 267-272
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780810134027
Related ISBN
9780810134010
MARC Record
OCLC
968905319
Pages
288
Launched on MUSE
2017-01-22
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
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