Cover

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Title page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

List of Illustrations

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pp. ix-x

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Preface and Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

This book is a revised and expanded version of A Biologia Militante: O Museu Nacional, especialização científica, divulgação do conhecimento e práticas científicas no Brasil (1926–1945), published in 2010 by Editora UFMG. My overriding objective in undertaking these revisions was to...

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Translator’s Note

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pp. xiii-2

The book you are ab out to read is far from a straightforward English version of the original Portuguese. Regina Horta Duarte made a series of revisions to the manuscript before delivering it to me, as she explains in the preface. Thanks to the rich collaborative relationship the author...

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Introduction

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pp. 3-15

The year is 2008. A group of tourists heads out of São Luís, capital of Maranhão, where the beaches have been declared off-limits. On January 7, the local papers announced that researchers at the Federal University of Maranhão had detected fecal coliform levels twenty-five...

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1. Activist Biology

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pp. 16-63

In February 1933, the front page of Rio de Janeiro’s newspaper A Noite featured an interview with the zoologist Cândido de Mello Leitão (1886–1948), one of the authors of a bill to regulate hunting and fishing in Brazil. The Ministry of Education and Public Health (MESP) had assigned this task to...

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2. A Miniature of the Fatherland

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pp. 64-125

On No vember 11, 1930, the Provisional Government—established on October 24 following the victory of the self-proclaimed revolution— gave a barbecue for some of the troops in Rio de Janeiro, then capital of the Federal District. The venue was the gardens of Quinta da Boa Vista...

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3. The Making of a Biologist

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pp. 126-156

When Mello Leitão invited Brazilians to collect specimens from different regions of the country, pack them properly, and ship them to the National Museum, one of those who answered his call was young Augusto Ruschi, born in the interior of the state of Espírito Santo in...

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Conclusion

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pp. 157-160

In January 2015—summer vacation and high tourist season in Brazil—patrons found the doors of the National Museum closed. The museum usually receives some seven thousand visitors a week during this time of year, but its funds had been abruptly cut off as a consequence of a nationwide political...

Timeline of Brazilian History (1889–1945)

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pp. 161-164

Notes

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pp. 165-206

Portuguese and English Names of Institutions and Events

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pp. 207-212

Bibliography

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pp. 213-238

Index

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pp. 239-250