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Within subunits of a democratic federation, lasting political practices that restrict choice, limit debate, and exclude or distort democratic participation have been analyzed in recent scholarship as subnational authoritarianism. Once a critical number of citizens or regions band together in these practices, they can leverage illiberal efforts at the federal level.

This timely, data-driven book compares federations that underwent transitions in the first, second, and third waves of democratization and offers a substantial expansion of the concept of subnational authoritarianism. The eleven expert political scientists featured in this text examine the nature and scope of subnational democratic variations within six large federations, including the United States, India, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, and Russia. Illiberal Practices makes the case that subnational units are more likely to operate by means of illiberal structures and practices than as fully authoritarian regimes. Detailed case studies examine uneven levels of citizenship in each federal system. These are distributed unequally across the different regions of the country and display semi-democratic or hybrid characteristics. Appropriate for scholars and students of democratization, authoritarianism, federalism, decentralization, and comparative politics, Illiberal Practices sheds light on the uneven extension of democracy within countries that have already democratized.

Contributors: Jacqueline Behrend, André Borges, Julián Durazo Herrmann, Carlos Gervasoni, Edward L. Gibson, Desmond King, Inga A.-L. Saikkonen, Celina Souza, Maya Tudor, Laurence Whitehead, Adam Ziegfeld

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Half Title, Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. 1. Setting the Comparative Agenda: Territorially Uneven Democratization Processes in Large Federations
  2. Jacqueline Behrend, Laurence Whitehead
  3. pp. 1-20
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  1. Part I: The United States and India in Historical Perspective
  1. 2. Federalism and Subnational Democratization in the United States: The South in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
  2. Edward L. Gibson, Desmond King
  3. pp. 23-48
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  1. 3. Subnational Democratization in India: The Role of Colonial Competition and Central Intervention
  2. Maya Tudor, Adam Ziegfeld
  3. pp. 49-86
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  1. Part II: The Diverse Origins of Illiberal Structures and Practices in Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico
  1. 4. Federal Intervention and Subnational Democratization in Argentina: A Comparative Perspective
  2. Jacqueline Behrend
  3. pp. 89-119
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  1. 5. The Dimensions of Democratic and Hybrid Subnational Regimes: Evidence from an Expert Survey in Argentina
  2. Carlos Gervasoni
  3. pp. 120-161
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  1. 6. Subnational Hybrid Regimes and Democratization in Brazil: Why Party Nationalization Matters
  2. André Borges
  3. pp. 162-196
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  1. 7. The Rise and Fall of Illiberal Politics in the Brazilian State of Bahia
  2. Celina Souza
  3. pp. 197-229
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  1. 8. Social Heterogeneity, Political Mediation, and Subnational Illiberalism: Oaxaca and Puebla, Mexico
  2. Julián Durazo Herrmann
  3. pp. 230-262
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  1. Part III: Russia and the Boundaries of Democracy
  1. 9. Subnational Democratization and Electoral Authoritarianism in Russia: From Subnational Regime Diversity to Unitary Authoritarianism
  2. Inga A.-L. Saikkonen
  3. pp. 265-288
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  1. Part IV: Mapping the Cases
  1. 10. Uneven Processes and Multiple Pathways
  2. Laurence Whitehead, Jacqueline Behrend
  3. pp. 291-314
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 315-318
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 319-330
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781421419596
Related ISBN
9781421419589
MARC Record
OCLC
948286828
Pages
344
Launched on MUSE
2016-08-11
Language
English
Open Access
No
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