In this Book

summary
In 1968, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) implemented sex testing for female athletes at that year's Games. When it became clear that testing regimes failed to delineate a sex divide, the IOC began to test for gender --a shift that allowed the organization to control the very idea of womanhood. Lindsay Parks Pieper explores sex testing in sport from the 1930s to the early 2000s. Focusing on assumptions and goals as well as means, Pieper examines how the IOC in particular insisted on a misguided binary notion of gender that privileged Western norms. Testing evolved into a tool to identify--and eliminate--athletes the IOC deemed too strong, too fast, or too successful. Pieper shows how this system punished gifted women while hindering the development of women's athletics for decades. She also reveals how the flawed notions behind testing--ideas often sexist, racist, or ridiculous--degraded the very idea of female athleticism.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Contents
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-10
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  1. 1. “A Careful Inquiry to Establish Her Sex beyond a Doubt”: Sex/Gender Anxieties in Track and Field
  2. pp. 11-34
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  1. 2. “Because They Have Muscles, Big Ones”: Cold War Gender Norms and International Sport, 1952–1967
  2. pp. 35-60
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  1. 3. Is the Athlete “Right” or “Wrong”? The IOC’s Chromosomal Construction of Womanhood, 1968–1972
  2. pp. 61-88
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  1. 4. “East Germany’s Mighty Sports Machine”: Steroids, Nationalism, and Femininity Testing
  2. pp. 89-108
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  1. 5. The US vs. USSR: Gender Testing, Doping Checks, and Olympic Boycotts
  2. pp. 109-132
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  1. 6. “One of the Most Horrid Misuses of a Scientific Method”: The Development of a Protest
  2. pp. 133-158
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  1. 7. “Gender Testing Per Se Is No Longer Necessary”: The IAAF’s and the IOC’s Continued Control
  2. pp. 159-178
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  1. Epilogue: The Reintroduction of Gender Verification
  2. pp. 179-186
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 187-226
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 227-242
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 243-250
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  1. About the Author, Other Works in the Series
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780252098444
Related ISBN
9780252040221
MARC Record
OCLC
936205674
Pages
256
Launched on MUSE
2016-05-18
Language
English
Open Access
No
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