Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-xii

For first kindling my interest in Japanese politics in its East Asian context, I thank my advisers at Princeton, Gil Rozman and Kent Calder. I broadened my perspective to include the Korean peninsula under the expert tutelage of John Swenson-Wright at the University of Cambridge and benefited from the friendship of J. R. Kim, who would later provide me with invaluable introductions in...

A Note on Conventions

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pp. xiii-xiv

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Introduction: Victimhood and Governmental Accountability

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pp. 1-18

When Lee Se-yong developed leprosy in 1974, his mother told him it would be better if he just died.1 His disease, she said, was destroying his sister’s marriage prospects. That is how dark a shadow leprosy (also called Hansen’s disease) continued to cast in Korean society two decades after treatment became readily available. Even though the World Health Organization (WHO) began advocating...

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1. Explaining Redress Outcomes

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pp. 19-38

Victim redress movements may be increasingly common worldwide, but they achieve varying levels and forms of redress. For example, the families of more than four hundred South Korean nationals abducted and ostensibly still detained by North Korea have received an average of 31 million won (about $28,200) each from the ROK government since they first became able to apply for recognition from the ROK...

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2. Constructing Victimhood and Villainy in Japan and Korea

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pp. 39-69

Redress claimants’ efforts to gain third-party supporters entail constructing narratives of victimhood and villainy that convince others that certain inferences about the causes of an injurious experience are correct and deserve attention. As Stone notes, such “causal stories” are crucial for turning a grievance into an issue because they explain why something happened, assign blame, and frame a difficult situation...

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3. Hansen’s Disease Survivors’ Rights

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pp. 70-108

Leprosy may seem like an antiquated ailment, but thousands of survivors of the disease are still living in Japan and South Korea today. Stigmatized and misunderstood through much of world history, leprosy (also called Hansen’s disease) is rarely infectious and not heritable.1 It has been treatable since the 1940s, and the World Health Organization has recommended outpatient treatment since 1960. If detected early...

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4. The Politics of Hepatitis C–Tainted Blood Products

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pp. 109-146

Asakura Mitsuko had suffered from hepatitis C for more than a decade before she realized that she could “blame the government and drug manufacturers, rather than [herself]” for this chronic liver infection, which she had developed a month after giving birth to a son in 1988.1 Through an investigative television series in 2003, Asakura learned that thousands of Japanese had, like her, contracted hepatitis C...

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5. The North Korean Abductions and Abductee Families’ Activism

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pp. 147-186

Since the Korean War, North Korea (the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, DPRK) has purportedly kidnapped thousands of foreign nationals. Some were literally abducted on foreign soil by North Korean agents. Others were captured and detained against their will after unwittingly venturing into North Korean territory or waters. The DPRK’s apparent reasons for abducting foreign nationals were to obtain...

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Conclusion: The Politics of Redress

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pp. 187-204

The preceding chapters have examined democratic political participation by focusing on the experiences of people who feel they suffered a preventable harm due to government negligence or wrongdoing and exploring the ways in which they seek redress for this harm. Stigma, numerous competing voices and issues, and budget constraints complicate this process for redress claimants, who usually...

Bibliography

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pp. 205-222

Index

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pp. 223-232

List of Studies of the Weatherhead East Asian Institute Columbia University

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pp. 233-234