Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

Idean Salehyan

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pp. ix-xi

This is a book about transnationalism, diaspora politics, and war. It is difficult to say for certain why a person becomes interested in a given topic, but my early childhood experiences have undoubtedly played a role. My family immigrated to the United States from Iran in the 1970s. In our home, news of conflict and violence—first the Islamic...

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Introduction: The Global Context of Civil War

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pp. 1-18

The Kurdish Workers’ Party, or PKK, was formed in the 1970s and has been fighting the Turkish government for several decades in its quest to secure an independent Kurdish state. In addition to attacks within Turkey itself, the PKK has bombed Turkish interests in other countries and has mobilized supporters and resources from...

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1 A Theory of Transnational Rebellion

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pp. 19-60

Rebellion is risky. Even when grievances against the state run deep, people who are unsatisfied with their lot will face difficulties in organizing collectively when political opposition activities are likely to be met with violence. Poverty and political powerlessness may be bad, but torture, imprisonment, and death are worse. Thus, many analysts have rightly emphasized the importance of constraints on the use of government...

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2 Transnational Rebels and Civil Violence

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pp. 61-97

In the previous chapter, I argued that rebellion will be more likely to occur when conditions in neighboring countries allow rebels to take up extraterritorial bases. International borders and safe havens in neighboring countries allow rebels the opportunity to mobilize their supporters and sustain their forces while being less susceptible to government repression. External rebel bases make conflict more likely to erupt...

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3 Transnational Rebels and International Conflict

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pp. 98-121

In June 1982, after an assassination attempt on Shlomo Argov, Israel’s ambassador to the United Kingdom, Israel invaded Lebanon. This war, code-named “Operation Peace in Galilee,” was not fought over territory or economic resources but because Lebanon was host to the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), a transnational rebel organization responsible for a number of attacks on Israel....

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Introduction to the Case Studies

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pp. 122-125

The quantitative results presented in the previous chapters reveal strong statistical relationships between neighborhood conditions and civil war and between transnational rebellion and interstate conflict. Nevertheless, it is useful to examine a few cases in greater depth in order to look at the underlying causal processes behind the statistical...

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4 The Nicaraguan Civil War

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pp. 126-144

Decades of economic mismanagement and authoritarianism under the Somoza regime in Nicaragua led to widespread popular discontent and the formation of the leftist Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (FSLN) in the early 1960s. The Sandinistas’ name came from a revolutionary, antiimperialist figure, Augusto César Sandino...

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5 The Rwandan Civil War

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pp. 145-164

Because they involved actors throughout the Great Lakes region of Africa, the civil conflicts in Rwanda exemplify the transnational aspects of war. Tutsis and Hutus are scattered across various states in central Africa, refugee flows contributed to the spread of conflict, and rebels and governments frequently battled one another across...

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Conclusion

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pp. 165-178

This book improves our understanding of civil and international conflict by examining the transnational dimensions of political violence. Rather than considering events in isolation of one another, this work advances a theory of conflict in which domestic and international processes overlap, actors span national boundaries, and...

References

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pp. 179-194

Index

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pp. 195-201