Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

Figures

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pp. ix-x

Maps

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p. xi

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Foreword

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pp. xiii-xv

Excavating Memory: Sites of Remembering and Forgetting, edited by Maria Theresia Starzmann and John R. Roby, is an important compilation of papers that provide multidisciplinary approaches to memory and heritage studies. The examples in this volume counter the top-down approach that we often find in memory studies. Instead, they show different...

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Acknowledgments

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p. xvii

Academia can be a lonely endeavor. In the many solitary hours each of us spent over drafts and revised drafts of chapters for this book, we ended up doing our own personal memory work. Bringing this project to a close, we look back at the increasingly and unpredictably divergent routes of our academic and personal lives. The...

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Engaging Memory: An Introduction

Maria Theresia Starzmann

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pp. 1-22

In many of Berlin’s neighborhoods, small garden plots lie nestled between apartment complexes and busy city streets. These spaces, colloquially referred to as Gartenkolonien (garden colonies), answer to a common yearning to escape the humdrum of ordinary life. Originating in the midnineteenth century, the inner-city gardens offer...

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Part I. Sites of Contestation: Memory Work in the Nation-State

The Soviet-German war of 1941–45 holds a central place in Russian commemorative culture, where it is still commonly referred to by its wartime designation, the “Great Patriotic War” (Harris 2011; Krylova 2004; Slater 1998; Smith 2002; Tolz 2004). Russia’s political leaders have described the events of the war as “the building blocks of our country’s history” (“Putin Says” 2013), and they frequently invoke the war...

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1. Bureaucratizing the Glorious Past: Moscow’s Victory Memorial Project during Late Socialism

Jonathan Brunstedt

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pp. 25-41

On September 12, 1980, the army seized power in Turkey. This move was the third of its kind in the country’s republican history, after the coups of 1960 and 1971. The Turkish public became aware of the new military intervention by this statement that Chief of General Staff Kenan Evren read on state radio and television...

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2. Sites of Memory of the 1980 Military Coup in Turkey

Derya Firat

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pp. 42-63

This chapter interrogates the spatial and racial implications of two pieces of public art in Parkdale, a gentrifying neighborhood in Toronto’s west end once known as a “service-dependent ghetto” (Dear and Wolch 1987). Using critical geography, anticolonial theory, and discourse analysis, I uncover how the World Peace Monument and Hunger...

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3. Remembering Right, Remembering White: Public Art, Colonial Memory, and Gentrification in Toronto’s Parkdale Neighborhood

Griffin Epstein

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pp. 64-85

This chapter interrogates the spatial and racial implications of two pieces of public art in Parkdale, a gentrifying neighborhood in Toronto’s west end once known as a “service-dependent ghetto” (Dear and Wolch 1987). Using critical geography, anticolonial theory, and discourse analysis, I uncover how the World Peace Monument and Hunger...

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4. Power Line: Memory and the March on Blair Mountain

Richelle C. Brown

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pp. 86-108

In late August 1921, thousands of armed coal miners gathered in the small town of Marmet, West Virginia. Angered by recent events in the ongoing effort by mining companies to prevent union organizing, they began marching toward the non-unionized counties of Logan and Mingo. After several days of battling anti-union...

Part II. Unremembered Heritage: Memories and Silences

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5. Marginalized Narratives: Memory Work at African Shrines in Kochi, India

Neelima Jeychandran

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pp. 111-130

During the European occupation, Portuguese and Dutch colonizers brought enslaved Africans to coastal cities in India to guard forts and perform various manual tasks. The memories of the African communities are preserved on the Malabar Coast through shrines for spirits locally known as Kappiri (black man) (or Kappirikal in the plural) and as Kappiri...

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6. Land of Amnesia: Power, Predation, and Heritage in Central Africa

Alfredo González-Ruibal

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pp. 131-152

Critical heritage studies, indigenous archaeologies, and similar undertakings attempt to recover the repressed memories and experiences of subaltern groups and to deconstruct hegemonic discourses about the past. In both cases, the emphasis has been on remembrance. I would like to focus here on the production of oblivion, rather...

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7. Imprisonment Is a Permanent Scar: Women’s Penitentiaries in Francoist Spain

M. Cinta Ramblado-Minero

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pp. 153-171

On September 22, 2008, Baltasar Garzón, then district attorney at the Spanish Central Criminal Court, attempted to initiate a reparation process in Spain. He sought to establish a truth commission that would investigate the disappearances that took place in Spain during the Civil War and the dictatorship in order to identify both victims....

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8. Pioneer Mothers for the New Millennium

Cynthia Culver Prescott

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pp. 172-196

In 1992, the Oregon Trail Coordinating Council (OTCC) commissioned well-known Oregon artist David Manuel to sculpt a bronze “memorial to the spirit of the pioneers” (OTCC Papers n.d.) for downtown Portland to commemorate the trail’s sesquicentennial. Manuel’s design utilized imagery common to the dozens of pioneer...

Part III. Storied Landscapes: Memory as Embodied Practice

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9. Material Memories: (Re)Collecting Clandestine Crossings of the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands

Sam Grabowska and John Doering-White

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pp. 199-217

Unauthorized border-crossing from Mexico into the United States is an inordinately complex process. It has been framed as an act of adaptive resistance to power (Spener 2009), as a social process structured by U.S. government policy (Cornelius 2001; Ettinger 2009), as a socioeconomic process (Cohen 2001), and as a traumatic articulation..

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10. Hate Sits in Places: Folk Knowledge and the Power of Place in Rosewood, Florida

Edward González-Tennant

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pp. 218-241

This chapter’s central goal is the “excavation” of folklore as it relates to the tragic history of Rosewood, Florida, and of the various meanings attached to the site as they unfold across time and space. While previous research into Rosewood constructs a descriptive history of the town’s development and destruction (Colburn 1997; Dye 1997;...

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11. Persistent Practice and Racial Politics: Maple Sugaring on the Dennis Farm

John R. Roby

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pp. 242-264

This chapter is an attempt to relate a local context to a global system (Johnson 1999), particularly in terms of the production of a commodity that appears to be, as in Marx’s famous exposition of commodity fetish, “an extremely obvious, trivial thing” (1867 [1990]: 163). It begins with an introduction to the Perkins and Dennis...

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12. The Memory Market: Black Women’s Stories and the Legacy of the South African TRC

Nontsasa Nako

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pp. 265-290

As part of the late twentieth-century drift toward ethical and compassionate conflict resolution mechanisms, truth commissions held great promise for societies emerging from protracted conflict. These commissions centralized survivor and victim experiences instead of (or in addition to) prosecuting perpetrators. The South...

Part IV. Violence and Conflict: Excavating Painful Memories

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13. Representations of Forced Labor in the Irish Magdalen Laundries: Contemporary Visual Art as Site of Memory

Audrey Rousseau

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pp. 293-315

Joni Mitchell’s song performs a kind of truth-telling about violent events embedded in the Irish national past. The “Madgalene Laundries” referred to in her lyrics constitute part of a long-silenced history in British-ruled Ireland and in Independent Ireland, where large numbers of “fallen women” were forced into unpaid hard labor, sometimes for life...

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14. Memory, Identity, and a Painful Past: Contesting the Former Dachau Concentration Camp

Aline Sierp

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pp. 316-335

When former prisoner Nico Rost came to visit Dachau concentration camp in the 1950s, he expressed his utter disbelief that so little had been done to ensure and foster remembrance in a place where so many people had suffered so much. On the contrary, steps seemed to have been taken to eradicate most traces of the...

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15. Excavating a Hidden Past: The Forensic Turn in Spain’s Collective Memory

Lore Colaert

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pp. 336-356

In 2000, Spanish journalist Emilio Silva Barrera called on forensic anthropologist Francisco Etxeberría to search for the remains of his grandfather, a Republican civilian executed by Francoist forces during the Spanish Civil War (1936–39) and left behind in a mass grave. Since that first exhumation, Etxeberría has become the most important...

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16. The Armenian Genocide: Forensic Intervention, Narrative, and the Historical Record

Roxana Ferllini

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pp. 357-375

Within the context of the twentieth century, the Armenian genocide (1915– 23) perpetrated by the Ottoman Empire represented the first state-sponsored mass killing against a population within its own territory (Danielian 2010). As such, it symbolizes an event that marked the commencement of the most violent century that...

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17. The Future of the Painful Past: Archival Labor and Materiality in the South Asian American Digital Archive

Michelle Caswell

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pp. 376-394

According to Aleida Assmann, the historical archive is a place that collects, stores, and preserves rather than presents, displays, or interprets information. It is therefore meant for specialists rather than the general public. For Assmann (2006: 271) this means that the “pure potential” of archives must be activated by historians, curators, or...

List of Contributors

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pp. 395-398

Index

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pp. 399-404

About the Series, Other Works in the Series

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pp. 405-406