This volume collects the very best research presented at the Fifth World Congress, which took place in Monterrey, Mexico, in 2012. The eighteen international contributors represent the pioneers of mental health and deafness services in their respective countries. The editors have divided the book into three parts—Mental Health Issues and Treatment, Deaf Populations, and Deaf Children and Their Families. The contributors provide in-depth analysis of the specific challenges and treatment options in providing mental healthcare to deaf people, including developing mental health services in countries where none exist, creating new treatment therapies, dealing with issues of self-esteem and cultural identity, providing services for deaf people at a public health clinic, detailing the mental health issues found in deaf children and adolescents, and examining the complications of working with deaf clients who have additional disabilities. Taken all together, these cutting-edge articles explore the important issues within the specialized area of mental health and deafness.