Cover

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Title page, Copyright

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Contents

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p. v

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Preface

Don Yoder

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pp. vii-viii

With the growing focus upon American experience in creating New World cultures, this volume on the folklife approach to our traditional cultural patterns will, we trust, take its place in the academic world beside its many European counterparts. It is our hope that it will stimulate research that will help us all to understand the American experience and, in doing so, to understand ourselves. The volume presents a variety...

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1. Folklife Studies in American Scholarship

Don Yoder

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pp. 3-18

Folklife studies (regional ethnology) is a subject of recent development in the United States. Essentially it is the application to the American scene of the European discipline called folklivsforskning, or regional ethnology, in the Scandinavian lands (particularly in Sweden where the term folkliv was coined) and Volkskunde in the German-speaking areas of Europe. Folklife studies...

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2. Folklife Study and Social Change

Ward H. Goodenough

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pp. 19-26

Folklife studies and the term folklife, itself, have been closely associated in Europe with ethnography and ethnology, the branches of anthropology that deal with the description and comparative study of customs, beliefs, and institutions. Indeed, the name for ethnology in German (Völkerkunde) is the plural of the name for folklife or folklore (Volkskunde). The difference has been essentially...

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3. Uses of the Artistic Past

James Marston Fitch

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pp. 27-50

An appreciation of the material culture of preindustrial societies has grown in the Western world in almost exact proportion to the everintensifying industrialization of the West itself. For centuries, this interest has been so powerful and persistent that it would be a serious mistake indeed to dismiss its motive forces as being merely sentimental, romantic, or obscurantist. Good...

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4. American Cultural Geography and Folklife

Fred Â. Kniffen

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pp. 51-70

If students of American folklife find acceptable Sigurd Erixon's statement appearing in the first issue of Folkliv, and if they further find illuminating the graphics of Erixon's presentation, it appears that American geography has something worthwhile to offer them in concept, method, and content. Erixon stated: "For the cultural science now under consideration, life itself is the main...

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5. Film Documentation of Folklife

Leslie P. Greenhill

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pp. 71-104

Many aspects of folklife in the United States are undergoing rapid change, while others are disappearing from the culture or have already disappeared. This unfortunate fact applies to customs, folk dances and songs, and religious rituals as well as many aspects of the material culture, for example early ways of making...

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6. Folk Boats of Eastern French Louisiana

William B. Knipmeyer

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pp. 105-150

Work boats are ideal artifacts for folkloristic study. They exist within complicated traditional systems devised for dealing with the resources —fish, shellfish, and waterfowl—and hardships—sudden seas and swampy land—presented by the thousands of miles of coastal and inland water in the United States. The systems involving small craft include not only fishing gear and boat-...

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7. Afro-American Coil Basketry in Charleston County, South Carolina: Affective Characteristics of an Artistic Craft in a Social Context

Gerald L. Davis

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pp. 151-184

In a note to his 1942 article on Afro-American art, James Porter comments, "Whereas, studies of the Negro spiritual and the Negro folksong are plentiful, research has done very little to provide the student of culture with materials for criticism of folk and craft arts of the early Negro American."1 While...

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8. The Whitaker-Waggoner Log House from Morgan County, Indiana

Warren E. Roberts

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pp. 185-208

From early in the nineteenth century until the fall of 1966, a large sixroom log house stood west of the town of Paragon in Morgan County, Indiana. While it is true that its very size alone would keep it from being termed a "typical" southern Indiana log house, still it shares a number of features with many other log houses in this area. This fact, plus the fact that it was torn down to be reassembled...

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9. Tollgate Lore from Upstate New York: A Contribution to Folk-Cultural Studies

David J. Winslow

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pp. 209-238

This study of tollgate lore is essentially a folk-cultural study in that it sheds light on many aspects of the total culture of the Upstate New York region in the nineteenth century. Historically, this investigation offers information on the modes of transportation and the early transportation routes that linked rural areas to each other and to the cities. It also becomes involved in examining such cultural patterns as architectural differences of tollhouses, the conduct...

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10. Ethnic Tensions in the Lower Rio Grande Valley to 1860

James L. Evans

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pp. 239-256

The term Lower Rio Grande Valley refers to a limited area in the southeastern part of Texas. It has no specific boundaries, but most persons living in that part of Texas restrict the term to the area within counties bordering the Rio Grande and within a hundred miles of the Gulf of Mexico. The term applies only to the land in the United States; residents of neither the United States...

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11. Wishing in and Shooting in the New Year among the Germans in the Carolinas

Walter L. Robbins

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pp. 257-280

The German American custom of wishing in and shooting in the New Year consists, typically, of the following: Beginning at sunset on New Year's Eve a group of men known as New Year's shooters, carrying guns loaded only with gunpowder, make the rounds of the homes in their community. When they arrive at a home, one of the group, the wisher, calls out to the man of the house and, when...

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12. Morality in a Yoruba Ritual in Trinidad

Jacob D. Elder

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pp. 281-292

More significant than the view expressed by Paul Bohannan in the above quotation from his important work on Africans is the tremendous persistence with which certain moral sanctions have survived in the religious cultic systems of some New World Negro communities. This article discusses an instance of supportive...

Notes on the Contributors

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pp. 293-296

Index

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pp. 297-304