In this Book

summary

Why do ordinary people engage in corruption? In Corruption as a Last Resort, Kelly M. McMann contends that bureaucrats, poverty, and culture do not force individuals in Central Asia to pay bribes, use connections, or sell political support. Rather, corruption is a last resort when relatives, groups in society, the market, and formal government programs cannot provide essential goods and services. Using evidence from her long-term research in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, McMann shows that Islamic institutions, secular charities, entrepreneurs, and banks cannot provide the jobs and credit people need. This drives individuals to illicitly seek employment and loans from government officials.

A leading cause of this resource scarcity is market reform, as demonstrated by McMann’s analysis of these countries as well as of Uzbekistan and global data. Market reform without supporting institutions, such as credit registries and antimonopoly measures, limits the resources available from the market and societal groups. McMann finds that in these circumstances only those individuals who have affluent relatives have an alternative to corruption. By focusing on ordinary people, McMann offers a new understanding of corruption. Previously, our knowledge was largely restricted to government officials’ role in illicit exchanges. From her novel approach comes a useful policy insight: supplying ordinary people with alternatives to corruption is a fundamental and important anticorruption strategy.

Why do ordinary people engage in corruption? Kelly M. McMann contends that bureaucrats, poverty, and culture do not force individuals in Central Asia to pay bribes, use connections, or sell political support. Rather, corruption is a last resort when relatives, groups in society, the market, and formal government programs cannot provide essential goods and services. Using evidence from her long-term research in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, McMann shows that Islamic institutions, secular charities, entrepreneurs, and banks cannot provide the jobs and credit people need. This drives individuals to illicitly seek employment and loans from government officials.A leading cause of this resource scarcity is market reform, as demonstrated by McMann's analysis of these countries as well as of Uzbekistan and global data. Market reform without supporting institutions, such as credit registries and antimonopoly measures, limits the resources available from the market and societal groups. McMann finds that in these circumstances only those individuals who have affluent relatives have an alternative to corruption.By focusing on ordinary people, McMann offers a new understanding of corruption. Previously, our knowledge was largely restricted to government officials' role in illicit exchanges. From her novel approach comes a useful policy insight: supplying ordinary people with alternatives to corruption is a fundamental and important anticorruption strategy.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. Title page, Copyright, Dedication
  2. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. Contents
  2. p. vii
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. List of Tables
  2. pp. ix-x
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xi-xiv
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. List of Acronyms
  2. pp. xv-xvi
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. Glossary
  2. p. xvii
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. 1. An Absence of Alternatives: A New Framework for Understanding Corruption
  2. pp. 1-19
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. 2. Alternatives to Corruption and the Effect of Market Reform: The Arguments and Their Theoretical Implications
  2. pp. 20-34
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. 3. Bribery, Favoritism, and Clientelism: Evidence from Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan
  2. pp. 35-56
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. 4. Market Actors as an Unrealized Alternative: The Effect of Market Reforms
  2. pp. 57-102
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. 5. Islamic Institutions and Secular Charities: Obstacles to Providing Substitute Resources
  2. pp. 103-135
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. 6. Families: The Uneven Effect of Market Reforms
  2. pp. 136-158
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. 7. Reducing Corruption: Policy Recommendations
  2. pp. 159-170
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. Appendix: Statistical Analysis
  2. pp. 171-176
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents
  1. Index
  2. pp. 177-182
  3. open access
    • Download PDF Download
    contents

Additional Information

ISBN
9780801454912
Related ISBN(s)
9780801453274, 9780801454905
MARC Record
OCLC
894227715
Pages
200
Launched on MUSE
2015-10-24
Language
English
Open Access
Yes

Copyright

Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.