Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-xii

The battle for hearts and minds in the Middle East is being fought not only on the streets of Baghdad but also on the newscasts and talk shows of Al Jazeera. China’s future is being shaped not solely by Communist Party bureaucrats but also by bloggers working quietly in cybercafes. ...

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1. Beyond the Clash of Civilizations

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pp. 1-18

Blaming the world’s most visible conflicts on a clash of civilizations is hard to resist. We eagerly seek and cling to reasons for the things we see, and the simpler and more sweeping the reasons, the better. From simmering tension to full-blown war, Islam and the West seem to have irreconcilable differences that can be ascribed to incompatible cultures. ...

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2. Channels and More Channels

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pp. 19-46

They are everywhere. Not just an occasional seedling popping up on an otherwise barren plain but rather a whole forest—young and perhaps vulnerable but maturing and expanding with a speed and vigor that makes certain the survival of at least the fittest among them. ...

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3. The Internet Surge

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pp. 47-64

As robust as the expansion of satellite television has been, it is nothing when compared to the growth of Internet-based media. This growth, however, has been uneven, with part of the world reaping its benefits while another part lags behind. ...

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4. The Rise of the Virtual State

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pp. 65-90

The traditional state is a physical presence—territory defined by borders, a place on the map of the world. We should be able to spin a globe and point out any country: “Here is France; here is Nigeria; here is Chile.” Political geography, in this sense, is mastered by children when they first contemplate the larger world, ...

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5. Global Connections, Global Terrorism

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pp. 91-110

One example of the Internet being used specifically to build a global ummah can be found in the online presence of Hizb ut-Tahrir, the Party of Liberation, which is reportedly active in at least forty countries. Its cyber-presence—with a principal Web site available in Arabic, English, Russian, Turkish, Urdu, and German— ...

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6. The Cyber-struggle for Democracy

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pp. 111-140

The quest for democratization during the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries has produced some stunning moments: the lone man standing in front of a tank at Tiananmen Square; celebrations at the Berlin Wall; hundreds of thousands of demonstrators protesting unfair elections on the streets of Belgrade and Kiev; women going to the polls in Kuwait. ...

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7. Transforming the Middle East

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pp. 141-174

Media effects are just parts of a large political universe, the constituent elements of which must come into alignment if democratization is to take hold. Media cannot force change; media can only inspire it and assist it. Media power has its limits. ...

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8. What It All Means

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pp. 175-192

To varying degrees throughout the world, the connectivity of new media is superseding the traditional political connections that have brought identity and structure to global politics. This rewiring of the world’s neural system is proceeding at remarkable speed, and its reach keeps extending ever farther. ...

Notes

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pp. 193-212

Selected Bibliography

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pp. 213-218

Index

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pp. 219-226