Cover

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Title page, Copyright

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Contents

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Preface to the 1996 Edition

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p. vii

Preface to the 2005 Edition

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pp. ix-xviii

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Scandinavia: An Introduction

Gunnar Broberg

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pp. 20-27

Scandinavia is often looked upon as a unit, yet surprisingly little has been written about the common history of its various countries. Historically and ethnically, the area is comparatively homogeneous, in part because the Scandinavian peninsula provides natural borders. It also gives rise to separate...

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Something Rotten in the State of Denmark: Eugenics and the Ascent of the Welfare State

Bent Sigurd Hansen

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pp. 28-95

How important it is to trace the development of eugenics in each Scandinavian country can be debated. Still, a reasonably good case can be made for examining Denmark, which in many ways offers useful contrasts to the other countries that so far have been studied in detail: the United States...

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Eugenics in Sweden: Efficient Care

Gunnar Broberg, Mattias Tydén

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pp. 96-169

Among all the Nordic countries, Sweden was where eugenics met with its greatest success. This is true both in terms of the early institutionalization of the movement and the eugenic practice as it was manifest in sterilization policies between 1930 and 1960. This relative success is connected...

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Norwegian Eugenics: Sterilization as Social Reform

Nils Roll-Hansen

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pp. 170-213

Much of the recent historiography of eugenics is built on an instrumental interpretation of science. Science is seen as a tool by which society achieves its economic and social aims, while its role in the cultural and political activities which form these aims is neglected. Efficiency and not truth becomes...

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From Race Hygiene to Sterilization: The Eugenics Movement in Finland

Marjatta Hietala

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pp. 214-277

Finland passed sterilization legislation in 1935 as part of a general Nordic movement, following Denmark (1929) and Norway (1934), with a Swedish sterilization law also coming into effect in 1935. Why was Finland willing to adopt such a eugenic legislative program...

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Conclusion: Scandinavian Eugenics in the International Context

Nils Roll-Hansen

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pp. 278-291

Two waves of interest in eugenics affected Scandinavia, much like those in Britain.1 The first wave peaked just before World War I, the second in the 1930s and 1940s. Eugenics was a significant issue of social policy and there was extensive public interest in the topic. Eugenics organizations...

Bibliography

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pp. 292-299

Index

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pp. 300-313