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summary
Poland and Russia have a long relationship that encompasses centuries of mutual antagonism, war, and conquest. The twentieth century has been particularly intense, including world wars, revolution, massacres, national independence, and decades of communist rule—for both countries. Since the collapse of communism, historians in both countries have struggled to come to grips with this difficult legacy. This pioneering study, prepared by the semi-official Polish-Russian Group on Difficult Matters, is a comprehensive effort to document and fully disclose the major conflicts and interrelations between the two nations from 1918 to 2008, events that have often been avoided or presented with a strong political bias. This is the English translation of this major study, which has received acclaim for its Polish and Russian editions. The chapters offer parallel histories by prominent Polish and Russian scholars who recount each country's version of the event in question. Among the topics discussed are the 1920 Polish-Russian war, the origins of World War II and the notorious Hitler-Stalin pact, the infamously shrouded Katyn massacre, the communization of Poland, Cold War relations, the Solidarity movement and martial law, and the renewed relations of contemporary Poland and Russia.

Table of Contents

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  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. ix-xi
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  1. Introduction: In Search of the Truth: a Brief History of the Polish-Russian Group on Difficult Matters
  2. Adam Daniel Rotfeld, Anatoly V. Torkunov
  3. pp. 1-14
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  1. 1. The Beginnings: Polish-Soviet Relations, 1917–1921
  1. Polish-Soviet Relations, 1917–1921
  2. Daria Nałecz, Tomasz Nałecz
  3. pp. 17-29
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  1. Polish-Soviet Relations, 1917–1921
  2. Gennady F. Matveyev
  3. pp. 30-58
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  1. 2. The Interwar Period: Poland and the Soviet Union in the Late 1920s and Early 1930s
  1. Poland and the Soviet Union in the Late 1920s and Early 1930s
  2. Wojciech Materski
  3. pp. 61-78
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  1. Poland and the Soviet Union in the Late 1920s and Early 1930s
  2. Aleksandr V. Revyakin
  3. pp. 79-102
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  1. 3. the Causes of World War Ii: Poland, the Soviet Union, and the Crisis of the Versailles System
  1. Poland, the Soviet Union, and the Crisis of the Versailles System
  2. Sławomir Debski
  3. pp. 105-124
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  1. Poland, the Soviet Union, and the Crisis of the Versailles System
  2. Mikhail M. Narinsky
  3. pp. 125-158
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  1. 4. Poland Between the Soviet Union and Germany, 1939–1941: the Red Army Invasion and the Fourth Partition of Poland
  1. The Red Army Invasion and the Fourth Partition of Poland
  2. Albin Głowacki
  3. pp. 161-181
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  1. The Red Army Invasion and the Fourth Partition of Poland
  2. Natalia S. Lebedeva
  3. pp. 182-208
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  1. 5. The Katyn Massacre: the Process of Revealing the Truth and Commemorating the Victims
  1. The Process of Revealing the Truth and Commemorating the Victims
  2. Andrzej Przewoznik
  3. pp. 211-245
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  1. The Process of Revealing the Truth and Commemorating the Victims
  2. Natalia S. Lebedeva
  3. pp. 246-268
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  1. 6. World War Ii, 1941–1945: Politics and Its Consequences
  1. Politics and Its Consequences
  2. Wojciech Materski
  3. pp. 271-289
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  1. Politics and Its Consequences
  2. Valentina S. Parsadanova
  3. pp. 290-314
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  1. 7. The Postwar Decade, 1945–1955: Victory and Enslavement
  1. Victory and Enslavement
  2. Włodzimierz Borodziej
  3. pp. 317-332
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  1. Victory and Enslavement
  2. Albina F. Noskova
  3. pp. 333-368
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  1. 8. The Thaw: the Twentieth Congress of the Soviet Communist Party, the Polish October, and the Struggle for Autonomy
  1. The Twentieth Congress of the Soviet Communist Party, the Polish October, and the Struggle for Autonomy
  2. Andrzej Paczkowski
  3. pp. 371-381
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  1. The Twentieth Congress of the Soviet Communist Party, the Polish October, and the Struggle for Autonomy
  2. Nikolai I. Bukharin
  3. pp. 382-400
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  1. 9. The Dissident Movement: the Way to Freedom in Culture
  1. The Way to Freedom in Culture
  2. Jerzy Pomianowski
  3. pp. 403-416
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  1. The Way to Freedom in Culture
  2. Andrei V. Vorobyov, Aleksandr V. Shubin
  3. pp. 417-428
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  1. 10. The Soviets and the Polish Crisis: the Road to Martial Law, 1980–1981
  1. The Road to Martial Law, 1980–1981
  2. Andrzej Paczkowski
  3. pp. 431-440
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  1. The Road to Martial Law, 1980–1981
  2. Inessa S. Yazhborovskaya
  3. pp. 441-466
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  1. 11. Regained Freedom and Sovereignty: Transformation Processes in Poland and Russia
  1. Transformation Processes in Poland and Russia
  2. Włodzimierz Marciniak
  3. pp. 469-486
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  1. Transformation Processes in Poland and Russia
  2. Vladimir G. Baranovsky, Boris A. Shmelyov
  3. pp. 487-506
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  1. 12. Assistance or Exploitation?: Economic Relations Between Poland and the Soviet Union
  1. Economic Relations Between Poland and the Soviet Union
  2. Janusz Kalinski
  3. pp. 509-520
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  1. Economic Relations Between Poland and the Soviet Union
  2. Leonid B. Vardomsky
  3. pp. 521-536
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  1. 13. Russia Versus Sovereign Poland: Political Relations Between Poland and Russia Since 1990
  1. Political Relations Between Poland and Russia Since 1990
  2. Katarzyna Pełczynska-Nałecz
  3. pp. 539-556
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  1. Political Relations Between Poland and Russia Since 1990
  2. Artem V. Malgin
  3. pp. 557-586
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  1. 14. Continuity and Change: the Mutual Perceptions of Poles and Russians
  1. The Mutual Perceptions of Poles and Russians
  2. Andrzej Grajewski
  3. pp. 589-600
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  1. The Mutual Perceptions of Poles and Russians
  2. Nikolai I. Bukharin
  3. pp. 601-616
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  1. 15. Heritage in Archives: Displaced Collections and Access to Archives
  1. Displaced Collections and Access to Archives
  2. Władysław Stepniak
  3. pp. 619-629
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  1. Displaced Collections and Access to Archives
  2. Vladimir P. Kozlov
  3. pp. 630-640
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  1. Appendix A. Reports on Sessions of the Group on Difficult Matters
  2. pp. 641-658
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  1. Appendix B. the Letter of the Co-Chairs of the Group on Difficult Matters to the Foreign Ministers of Poland and Russia
  2. pp. 659-660
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 661-666
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  1. Back Cover
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