In this Book

summary
In 1809--the year of Charles Darwin's birth--Jean-Baptiste Lamarck published Philosophie zoologique, the first comprehensive and systematic theory of biological evolution. The Lamarckian approach emphasizes the generation of developmental variations; Darwinism stresses selection. Lamarck's ideas were eventually eclipsed by Darwinian concepts, especially after the emergence of the Modern Synthesis in the twentieth century. The different approaches--which can be seen as complementary rather than mutually exclusive--have important implications for the kinds of questions biologists ask and for the type of research they conduct. Lamarckism has been evolving--or, in Lamarckian terminology, transforming--since Philosophie zoologique's description of biological processes mediated by "subtle fluids." Essays in this book focus on new developments in biology that make Lamarck's ideas relevant not only to modern empirical and theoretical research but also to problems in the philosophy of biology. Contributors discuss the historical transformations of Lamarckism from the 1820s to the 1940s, and the different understandings of Lamarck and Lamarckism; the Modern Synthesis and its emphasis on Mendelian genetics; theoretical and experimental research on such "Lamarckian" topics as plasticity, soft (epigenetic) inheritance, and individuality; and the importance of a developmental approach to evolution in the philosophy of biology. The book shows the advantages of a "Lamarckian" perspective on evolution. Indeed, the development-oriented approach it presents is becoming central to current evolutionary studies--as can be seen in the burgeoning field of Evo-Devo. Transformations of Lamarckism makes a unique contribution to this research.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
  2. pp. i-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-viii
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  1. Series Foreword
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xi-xiv
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xv-xvi
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  1. Introductory Essays
  2. pp. 1-2
  1. 1. Lamarck, Darwin, and the Contemporary Debate about Levels of Selection
  2. Gabriel Motzkin
  3. pp. 3-8
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  1. 2. Jean-Baptiste Lamarck: From Myth to History
  2. Pietro Corsi
  3. pp. 9-18
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  1. I. History
  2. pp. 19-20
  1. 3. Introduction: Lamarckian Problematics in Historical Perspective
  2. Snait B. Gissis
  3. pp. 21-32
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  1. 4. Lamarck, Cuvier, and Darwin on Animal Behavior and Acquired Characters
  2. Richard W. Burkhardt, Jr.
  3. pp. 33-44
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  1. 5. The Golden Age of Lamarckism, 1866–1926
  2. Sander Gliboff
  3. pp. 45-56
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  1. 6. Germinal Selection
  2. Charlotte Weissman
  3. pp. 57-66
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  1. 7. The Notions of Plasticity and Heredity among French Neo-Lamarckians (1880–1940)
  2. Laurent Loison
  3. pp. 67-76
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  1. 8. Lamarckism and Lysenkoism Revisited
  2. Nils Roll-Hansen
  3. pp. 77-88
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  1. 9. Lamarckism and the Constitution of Sociology
  2. Snait B. Gissis
  3. pp. 89-100
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  1. II. The Modern Synthesis
  2. pp. 101-102
  1. 10. Introduction: The Exclusion of Soft (“Lamarckian”) Inheritance from the Modern Synthesis
  2. Snait B. Gissis and Eva Jablonka
  3. pp. 103-108
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  1. 11. Attitudes to Soft Inheritance in Great Britain, 1930s–1970s
  2. Marion J. Lamb
  3. pp. 109-120
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  1. 12. The Decline of Soft Inheritance
  2. Scott Gilbert
  3. pp. 121-126
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  1. 13. Why Did the Modern Synthesis Give Short Shrift to “Soft Inheritance”?
  2. Adam Wilkins
  3. pp. 127-132
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  1. 14. The Modern Synthesis: Discussion
  2. pp. 133-142
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  1. III. Biology
  2. pp. 143-144
  1. 15. Introduction: Lamarckian Problematics in Biology
  2. Eva Jablonka
  3. pp. 145-156
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  1. 16. Lamarck’s Dangerous Idea
  2. Stuart A. Newman and Ramray Bhat
  3. pp. 157-170
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  1. 17. Behavior, Stress, and Evolution in Light of the Novosibirsk Selection Experiments
  2. Arkady L. Markel and Lyudmila N. Trut
  3. pp. 171-180
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  1. 18. The Role of Cellular Plasticity in the Evolution of Regulatory Novelty
  2. Erez Braun and Lior David
  3. pp. 181-192
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  1. 19. Evolutionary Implications of Individual Plasticity
  2. Sonia E. Sultan
  3. pp. 193-204
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  1. 20. Epigenetic Variability in a Predator-Prey System
  2. Sivan Pearl, Amos Oppenheim, and Nathalie Q. Balaban
  3. pp. 205-214
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  1. 21. Cellular Epigenetic Inheritance in the Twenty-First Century
  2. Eva Jablonka
  3. pp. 215-226
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  1. 22. An Evolutionary Role for RNA-Mediated Epigenetic Variation?
  2. Minoo Rassoulzadegan
  3. pp. 227-236
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  1. 23. Maternal and Transgenerational Influences on Human Health
  2. Peter D. Gluckman, Mark A. Hanson, and Tatjana Buklijas
  3. pp. 237-250
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  1. 24. Plants: Individuals or Epigenetic Cell Populations?
  2. Marcello Buiatti
  3. pp. 251-260
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  1. 25. Instantaneous Genetic and Epigenetic Alterations in the Wheat Genome Caused by Allopolyploidization
  2. Moshe Feldman and Avraham A. Levy
  3. pp. 261-270
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  1. 26. Lamarckian Leaps in the Microbial World
  2. Jan Sapp
  3. pp. 271-282
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  1. 27. Symbionts as an Epigenetic Source of Heritable Variation
  2. Scott F. Gilbert
  3. pp. 283-294
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  1. IV. Philosophy
  2. pp. 295-296
  1. 28. Introduction: Lamarckian Problematics in the Philosophy of Biology
  2. Snait B. Gissis and Eva Jablonka
  3. pp. 297-306
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  1. 29. Mind the Gaps
  2. Ayelet Shavit and James Griesemer
  3. pp. 307-318
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  1. 30. Our Plastic Nature
  2. Paul Griffiths
  3. pp. 319-330
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  1. 31. The Relative Significance of Epigenetic Inheritance in Evolution
  2. James Griesemer
  3. pp. 331-344
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  1. 32. The Metastable Genome
  2. Ehud Lamm
  3. pp. 345-356
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  1. 33. Self-Organization, Self-Assembly, and the Inherent Activity of Matter
  2. Evelyn F. Keller
  3. pp. 357-364
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  1. V. Ramifications and Future Directions
  2. pp. 365-366
  1. 34. Introduction: Ramifications and Future Directions
  2. Snait B. Gissis and Eva Jablonka
  3. pp. 367-368
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  1. 35. Lamarck on the Nervous System
  2. Simona Ginsburg
  3. pp. 369-372
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  1. 36. Lamarck’s “Pouvoir de la Nature” Demystified
  2. Francis Dov Por
  3. pp. 373-376
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  1. 37. Prokaryotic Epigenetic Inheritance and Its Role in Evolutionary Genetics
  2. Luisa Hirschbein
  3. pp. 377-380
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  1. 38. Evolution as Progressing Complexity
  2. Raphael Falk
  3. pp. 381-384
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  1. 39. Epigenetics and the “New Biology”
  2. Alfred I. Tauber
  3. pp. 385-388
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  1. 40. Epigenetic Inheritance
  2. Adam Wilkins
  3. pp. 389-394
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  1. 41. Final Discussion
  2. pp. 395-410
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  1. Appendix A: Mandelstam’s Poem “Lamarck”
  2. pp. 411-412
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  1. Appendix B: Mechanisms of Cell Heredity
  2. pp. 413-422
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  1. Glossary
  2. pp. 423-432
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 433-436
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 437-457
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780262295642
Related ISBN
9780262527507
MARC Record
OCLC
738438909
Pages
480
Launched on MUSE
2016-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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