In this Book

Over the past decade, an explosion of empirical research in a variety of fields has allowed us to understand human moral sensibility as a sophisticated integration of cognitive, emotional, and motivational mechanisms shaped through evolution, development, and culture. Evolutionary biologists have shown that moral cognition evolved to aid cooperation; developmental psychologists have demonstrated that the elements that underpin morality are in place much earlier than we thought; and social neuroscientists have begun to map brain circuits implicated in moral decision making. This volume offers an overview of current research on the moral brain, examining the topic from disciplinary perspectives that range from anthropology and neurophilosophy to justice and law. The contributors address the evolution of morality, considering precursors of human morality in other species as well as uniquely human adaptations. They examine motivations for morality, exploring the roles of passion, extreme sacrifice, and cooperation. They go on to consider the development of morality, from infancy to adolescence; findings on neurobiological mechanisms of moral cognition; psychopathic immorality; and the implications for justice and law of a more biological understanding of morality. These new findings may challenge our intuitions about society and justice, but they may also lead to more a humane and flexible legal system.ContributorsScott Atran, Abigail A. Baird, Nicolas Baumard, Sarah Brosnan, Jason M. Cowell, Molly J. Crockett, Ricardo de Oliveira-Souza, Andrew W. Delton, Mark R. Dadds, Jean Decety, Jeremy Ginges, Andrea L. Glenn, Joshua D. Greene, J. Kiley Hamlin, David J. Hawes, Jillian Jordan, Max M. Krasnow, Ayelet Lahat, Jorge Moll, Caroline Moul, Thomas Nadelhoffer, Alexander Peysakhovich, Laurent Prétôt, Jesse Prinz, David G. Rand, Rheanna J. Remmel, Emma Roellke, Regina A. Rini, Joshua Rottman, Mark Sheskin, Thalia Wheatley, Liane Young, Roland Zahn

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title page, Copyright
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  1. Contents
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  1. Introduction: The Complexity of Moral Cognition Requires Multiple and Converging Levels of Analyses
  2. pp. vii-x
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  1. I. Evolution of Morality
  2. pp. 1-2
  1. 1. The Evolution of Morality: A Comparative Approach
  2. Laurent Prétôt and Sarah Brosnan
  3. pp. 3-18
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  1. 2. Adaptationist Approaches to Moral Psychology
  2. Andrew W. Delton and Max M. Krasnow
  3. pp. 19-34
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  1. 3. Partner Choice and the Evolution of a Contractualist Morality
  2. Nicolas Baumard and Mark Sheskin
  3. pp. 35-48
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  1. II. Motivations of Morality
  2. pp. 49-50
  1. 4. Is the Moral Brain Ever Dispassionate?
  2. Jesse Prinz
  3. pp. 51-68
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  1. 5. Devoted Actors and the Moral Foundations of Intractable Intergroup Conflict
  2. Scott Atran and Jeremy Ginges
  3. pp. 69-86
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  1. 6. Why We Cooperate
  2. Jillian Jordan, Alexander Peysakhovich, and David G. Rand
  3. pp. 87-102
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  1. III. The Development of Morality
  2. pp. 103-104
  1. 7. The Infantile Origins of Our Moral Brains
  2. J. Kiley Hamlin
  3. pp. 105-122
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  1. 8. Mechanisms of Moral Development
  2. Joshua Rottman and Liane Young
  3. pp. 123-142
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  1. 9. The Neurocognitive Development of Moral Judgments
  2. Ayelet Lahat
  3. pp. 143-156
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  1. 10. Girl Uninterrupted: The Neural Basis of Moral Development among Adolescent Females
  2. Abigail A. Baird and Emma V. Roellke
  3. pp. 157-180
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  1. IV. The Affective and Social Neuroscience of Morality: An Overview
  2. pp. 181-182
  1. 11. Neural Correlates of Human Morality
  2. Ricardo de Oliveira-Souza, Roland Zahn, and Jorge Moll
  3. pp. 183-196
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  1. 12. The Cognitive Neuroscience of Moral Judgment and Decision Making
  2. Joshua D. Greene
  3. pp. 197-220
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  1. 13. Neuromodulators and the (In)stability of Moral Cognition
  2. Molly J. Crockett and Regina A. Rini
  3. pp. 221-236
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  1. V. Psychopathic Immorality
  2. pp. 237-238
  1. 14. Immorality in the Adult Brain
  2. Rheanna J. Remmel and Andrea L. Glenn
  3. pp. 239-252
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  1. 15. The Moral Brain
  2. Caroline Moul, David Hawes, and Mark Dadds
  3. pp. 253-264
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  1. VI. Considerations and Implications for Justice and Law
  2. pp. 265-266
  1. 16. Neuroscience versus Phenomenology and the Implications for Justice
  2. Thalia Wheatley
  3. pp. 267-278
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  1. 17. The Equivocal Relationship between Morality and Empathy
  2. Jean Decety and Jason M. Cowell
  3. pp. 279-302
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 303-304
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  1. Author Index
  2. pp. 305-320
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  1. Subject Index
  2. pp. 321-327
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Additional Information

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