In this Book

summary

The police and the courts depend on the cooperation of communities to keep order. But large numbers of urban poor distrust law enforcement officials. Legitimacy and Criminal Justice explores the reasons that legal authorities are or are not seen as legitimate and trustworthy by many citizens.

Legitimacy and Criminal Justice is the first study of the perceived legitimacy of legal institutions outside the U.S. The authors investigate relations between courts, the police, and communities in the U.K., Western Europe, South Africa, Slovenia, South America, and Mexico, demonstrating the importance of social context in shaping those relations. Gorazd Meško and Goran Klemenčič examine Slovenia’s adoption of Western-style “community policing” during its transition to democracy. In the context of Slovenia’s recent Communist past—when “community policing” entailed omnipresent social and political control—citizens regarded these efforts with great suspicion, and offered little cooperation to the police. When states fail to control crime, informal methods of law can gain legitimacy. Jennifer Johnson discusses an extra-legal policing system carried out by farmers in Guerrero, Mexico—complete with sentencing guidelines and initiatives to reintegrate offenders into the community. Feeling that federal authorities were not prosecuting the crimes that plagued their province, the citizens of Guerrero strongly supported this extra-legal arrangement, and engaged in massive protests when the central government tried to suppress it. Several of the authors examine how the perceived legitimacy of the police and courts varies across social groups. Graziella Da Silva, Ignacio Cano, and Hugo Frühling show that attitudes toward the police vary greatly across social classes in harshly unequal societies like Brazil and Chile. And many of the authors find that ethnic minorities often display greater distrust toward the police, and perceive themselves to be targets of police discrimination. Indeed, Hans-Jöerg Albrecht finds evidence of bias in arrests of the foreign born in Germany, which has fueled discontent among Berlin’s Turkish youth. Sophie Body-Gendrot points out that mutual hostility between police and minority communities can lead to large-scale violence, as the Parisian banlieu riots underscored.

The case studies presented in this important new book show that fostering cooperation between law enforcement and communities requires the former to pay careful attention to the needs and attitudes of the latter. Forging a new field of comparative research, Legitimacy and Criminal Justice brings to light many of the reasons the law’s representatives succeed—or fail—in winning citizens’ hearts and minds.

A Volume in the Russell Sage Foundation Series on Trust

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title page, Copyright
  2. pp. i-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-viii
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  1. About the Authors
  2. pp. ix-xii
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  1. Part I. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-2
  1. Chapter 1. Preface
  2. Michael Tonry
  3. pp. 3-8
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  1. Chapter 2. Legitimacy and Criminal Justice: International Perspectives
  2. Tom R. Tyler, Anthony Braga, Jeffrey Fagan, Tracey Meares, Robert Sampson, and Chris Winship
  3. pp. 9-29
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  1. Chapter 3. The Foundations of Legitimacy
  2. David J. Smith
  3. pp. 30-58
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  1. Part II. The Role of Legitimacy in Policing
  2. pp. 59-60
  1. Chapter 4. Introduction
  2. pp. 61-62
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  1. Chapter 5. Policing, New Public Management, and Legitimacy in Britain
  2. Mike Hough
  3. pp. 63-83
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  1. Chapter 6. Rebuilding Legitimacy and Police Professionalism in an Emerging Democracy: The Slovenian Experience
  2. Gorazd Mesko and Goran Klemencic
  3. pp. 84-114
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  1. Chapter 7. Police Legitimacy in Chile
  2. Hugo Frühling
  3. pp. 115-145
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  1. Chapter 8. Building Legitimacy Through Restorative Justice
  2. John Braithwaite
  3. pp. 146-162
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  1. Part III. Formal and Community-Based Routes to Legitimacy
  2. pp. 163-164
  1. Chapter 9. Introduction
  2. pp. 165-166
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  1. Chapter 10. When the Poor Police Themselves: Public Insecurity and Extralegal Criminal-Justice Administration in Mexico
  2. Jennifer L. Johnson
  3. pp. 167-185
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  1. Chapter 11. Between Damage Reduction and Community Policing: The Case of Pavão-Pavãozinho-Cantagalo in Rio de Janeiro’s Favelas
  2. Graziella Moraes D. da Silva and Ignacio Cano
  3. pp. 186-214
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  1. Chapter 12. Popular Justice in the New South Africa: Policing the Boundaries of Freedom
  2. John Comaroff and Jean Comaroff
  3. pp. 215-238
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  1. Part IV. Legitimacy and Minority-Group Relations
  2. pp. 239-240
  1. Chapter 13. Introduction
  2. pp. 241-242
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  1. Chapter 14. Police, Justice, and Youth Violence in France
  2. Sophie Body-Gendrot
  3. pp. 243-276
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  1. Chapter 15. Ethnic Minorities and Confidence in the Dutch Criminal-Justice System
  2. Catrien Bijleveld, Heike Goudriaan, and Marijke Malsch
  3. pp. 277-301
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  1. Chapter 16. Legitimacy and Criminal Justice: Inequality and Discrimination in the German Criminal-Justice System
  2. Hans-Jörg Albrecht
  3. pp. 302-332
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  1. Chapter 17. Minorities, Fairness, and the Legitimacy of the Criminal-Justice System in France
  2. Sebastian Roché
  3. pp. 333-380
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 381-395
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781610445412
Related ISBN
9780871548764
MARC Record
OCLC
906809342
Pages
407
Launched on MUSE
2016-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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