In this Book

summary

Understanding of the respiratory control system has been greatly improved by technological and methodological advances. This volume integrates results from many perspectives, brings together diverse approaches to the investigations, and represents important additions to the field of neural control of breathing.

Topics include membrane properties of respiratory neurons, in vitro studies of respiratory control, chemical neuroanatomy, central integration of respiratory afferents, modulation of respiratory pattern by peripheral afferents, respiratory chemoreception, development of respiratory control, behavioral control of breathing, and human ventilatory control.

Forty-seven experts in the field report research and discuss novel issues facing future investigations in this collection of papers from an international conference of nearly two hundred leading scientists held in October 1990. This research is of vital importance to respiratory physiologists and those in neurosciences and neurobiology who work with integrative sensory and motor systems and is pertinent to both basic and clinical investigations.

Respiratory Control is destined to be widely cited because of the strength of the contributors and the dearth of similar works.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title, Copyright
  2. pp. iii-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-viii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Part I: Membrane Properties of Respiratory Neurons
  2. p. 1
  1. 1. Membrane Properties of Respiratory Neurons: An Overview
  2. Michael S. Dekin
  3. pp. 2-5
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  1. 2. Properties of Brainstem Neurons: Calcium Currents in Hypoglossal Motoneurons
  2. Albert J. Berger and Felix Viana
  3. pp. 6-11
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  1. 3. Neuronal Membrane Properties during O[sub(2)] Deprivation: In Vitro Intracellular Studies
  2. Gabriel Haddad and Chun Jiang
  3. pp. 12-14
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  1. 4. New Insights on Synaptic Transmission in the Nucleus Tractus Solitarius
  2. J. Champagnat, R Branchereau, M. Denavit-Saubie, G. Fortin, T. Jacquin, and R Schweitzer
  3. pp. 15-20
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  1. 5. Modulation of Respiratory Patterns during Hypoxia
  2. D.W. Richter, A. Bischoff, K. Anders, M. Bellingham, and U. Windhorst
  3. pp. 21-28
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  1. Part II: In Vitro Studies of Respiratory Control
  2. p. 29
  1. 6. In Vitro Studies of Respiratory Control: An Overview
  2. Gordon S. Mitchell
  3. pp. 30-33
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  1. 7. Novel Approaches to the Study of Cellular Mechanisms Generating Respiratory Rhythm
  2. Jeffrey C. Smith, John J. Greer, Klaus Ballanyi, Jack L. Feldman, and Diethelm W. Richter
  3. pp. 34-38
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  1. 8. Respiratory Rhythm Generation in the Ventral Medulla
  2. Ikuo Homma, Akiko Arata, and Hiroshi Onimaru
  3. pp. 39-42
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  1. 9. Noradrenergic Modulation of the Medullary Respiratory Rhythm Generator by the Pontine A5 Area
  2. G. Hilaire, R. Monteau, S. Errchidi, D. Morin, and J.M. Cottet-Emard
  3. pp. 43-46
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  1. 10. Bulbospinal Transmission of Respiratory Drive to Phrenic Motoneurons
  2. Guosong Liu and Jack L. Feldman
  3. pp. 47-51
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  1. 11. Comparative Approach to Neural Control of Respiration
  2. Allan I. Pack, Raymond J. Galante, Robert E. Walker, Leszek K. Kubin, and Alfred P. Fishman
  3. pp. 52-58
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  1. Part III: Chemical Neuroanatomy
  2. p. 59
  1. 12. Chemical Neuroanatomy: An Overview
  2. Albert J. Berger
  3. pp. 60-61
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  1. 13. Neurotransmitter Content of Respiratory Neurons and Their Inputs: Double-Labeling Studies Using Intracellular Tracers and Immunohistochemistry
  2. J. Lipski, C. Barton, D. de Castro, C. Jiang, I. Llewellyn-Smith, G.S. Mitchell, P.M. Pilowsky, M.D. Voss, and H.J. Waldvogel
  3. pp. 62-67
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  1. 14. Induction of Tyrosine Hydroxylase Gene in Carotid Body by Hypoxia
  2. Maria F. Czyzyk-Krzeska, Douglas A. Bayliss, and David E. Millboro
  3. pp. 68-72
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  1. 15. Expression and Development of Transmitter Properties in Carotid Body Afferent Neurons
  2. David M. Katz
  3. pp. 73-76
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  1. 16. Intrinsic Organization and Pontomedullary Connections of Rat Ventral Respiratory Group
  2. Howard H. Ellenberger and Jack L. Feldman
  3. pp. 77-82
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  1. Part IV: Central Integration of Respiratory Afferents
  2. p. 83
  1. 17. Central Integration of Respiratory Afferents: An Overview
  2. K.M. Spyer
  3. pp. 84-87
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  1. 18. The Breuer-Hering Reflex Requires Excitatory Amino Acid Neurotransmission in a Discrete Region of the Nucleus Tractus Solitarius
  2. Donald R. McCrimmon, Ann C. Bonham, and Sharon K. Coles
  3. pp. 88-92
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  1. 19. Connectivity of Rostral Pontine Inspiratory-Modulated Neurons as Revealed by Responses to Vagal and Superior Laryngeal Afferent Stimulation
  2. Morton I. Cohen, Chen-Fu Shaw, and Russell Barnhardt
  3. pp. 93-96
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  1. 20. Respiratory Modulation of Afferent Transmission to the Cerebellum
  2. S. Baker, C. Seers, and T.A. Sears
  3. pp. 97-101
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  1. 21. Respiratory Afferents and the Inhibition of Inspiration
  2. Dexter F. Speck, Diane R. Karius and Liming Ling
  3. pp. 102-106
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  1. Part V: Modulation of Respiratory Pattern by Peripheral Afferents
  2. p. 107
  1. 22. Modulation of Respiratory Pattern by Peripheral Afferents: An Overview
  2. Hazel M. Coleridge
  3. pp. 108-111
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  1. 23. Laryngeal Sensory Modalities and Their Functional Significance
  2. Giuseppe Sant'Ambrogio, James W. Anderson, and Franca B. Sant'Ambrogio
  3. pp. 112-116
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  1. 24. Diaphragmatic Afferents
  2. Yves Jammes and Emmanuel Balzamo
  3. pp. 117-121
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  1. 25. Responses of Group III and IV Muscle Afferents to Mechanical and Metabolic Stimuli Likely to Occur during Exercise
  2. Marc ~ Kaufman, Janeen M. Hill, Joel G. Pickar, and Diane M. Rollo
  3. pp. 122-126
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  1. 26. Neurotransmitter Mechanisms in the Periphery of Respiratory Afferents
  2. Jan M. Lundberg and Kjell Alving
  3. pp. 127-130
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  1. Part VI: Respiratory Chemoreception: Peripheral and Central
  2. p. 131
  1. 27. Respiratory Chemoreception: Peripheral and Central: An Overview
  2. Robert S. Fitzgerald and Machiko Shirahata
  3. pp. 132-133
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  1. 28. Carbonic Anhydrase, CI[sup(–)]-HC0[sub(3)][sup(–)] Exchanger, and Cellular pH in O[sub(2)] and CO[sub(2)] Chemoreception in the Cat Carotid Body in Vitro
  2. S. Lahiri, R. Iturriaga, W.L. Rumsey, D.F. Wilson, and D. Spergel
  3. pp. 134-139
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  1. 29. Physiological Roles of the Central Chemoreceptors
  2. Neil S. Cherniack
  3. pp. 140-148
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  1. 30. Studies on Chemosensory Mechanisms in Rat Carotid Body Using Dissociated Cell Cultures
  2. C.A. Nurse, A. Stea and C. Vollmer
  3. pp. 149-153
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  1. 31. Cellular Mechanisms of Central Chemosensitivity
  2. Judith A. Neubauer
  3. pp. 154-158
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  1. Part VII: Development of Respiratory Control
  2. p. 159
  1. 32. Development of Respiratory Control: An Overview
  2. William E. Cameron
  3. pp. 160-164
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  1. 33. Central Effect of Hypoxia in the Neonate
  2. Sandra J. England
  3. pp. 165-168
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  1. 34. Mechanisms of Apnea in the Newborn
  2. Edward E. Lawson, Maria F. Czyzyk-Krzeska, and Roger C. Rudesill
  3. pp. 169-173
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  1. 35. Developmental Influences on Breathing Pattern by the Vagus Nerve: Some Correlations with Activities of Medullary Respiratory Neurons and Lung Mechanoreceptors
  2. Jay R Farber
  3. pp. 174-177
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  1. 36. Adaptation and Acclimatization in the Hypoxic Newborn Mammal
  2. Jacopo P. Mortola, Robin D. Gleed, and Chikako Saiki
  3. pp. 178-182
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  1. 37. Birth-Related Activation of the "Substance P Gene" in Central Respiratory Neurons and Dopaminergic Disinhibition of Carotid Bodies at Birth
  2. Hugo Lagercrantz, Torbjorn Hertzberg, Hakan Persson, Meera Srinivasan, and Yuji Yamamoto
  3. pp. 183-186
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  1. Part VIII: Behavioral Control of Breathing
  2. p. 187
  1. 38. Behavioral Control of Breathing: An Overview
  2. John Orem
  3. pp. 188-192
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  1. 39. Respiratory Responses to Prolonged Central or Peripheral Hypoxia
  2. G.E. Bisgard, M.J.A. Engwall, W.Z. Niu, L. Daristotle and J. Pizarro
  3. pp. 193-196
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  1. 40. Forebrain-Brainstem Interactions Modulating Respiratory Patterning
  2. Ronald M. Harper, C.A. Richard, H. Ni, J.X. Zhang, and R.K. Harper
  3. pp. 197-200
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  1. 41. State-Dependent Variations in Medullary Respiratory-Related Discharge Patterns
  2. Fat-Chun T. Chang
  3. pp. 201-208
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  1. 42. Vomiting: Its Respiratory Components
  2. Alan D. Miller
  3. pp. 209-212
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  1. Part IX: Ventilatory Control in Humans
  2. p. 213
  1. 43. Ventilatory Control in Humans: An Overview
  2. Jerome A. Dempsey, N. Omar Suwarno, and Douglas R. Seals
  3. pp. 214-217
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  1. 44. The Effect of Increased Inspiratory Drive on the Sensory Activation of the Cerebral Cortex by Inspiratory Occlusion
  2. Paul W. Davenport, Gregory A. Holt, and Paul McN. Hill
  3. pp. 218-223
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  1. 45. Control of Respiratory Cycle Timing in Newborn Infants
  2. Ann R. Stark
  3. pp. 224-227
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  1. 46. Modulation of Respiratory Pattern during NREM Sleep
  2. James B. Skatrud, M. Safwan Badr, and Jerome A. Dempsey
  3. pp. 228-232
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  1. 47. Exercise and the Respiratory Mechanical Load
  2. Magdy Younes
  3. pp. 233-236
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  1. Contributing Laboratories
  2. pp. 237-238
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 239-240
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780813160467
Related ISBN
9780813117881
MARC Record
OCLC
900344959
Pages
248
Launched on MUSE
2016-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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