Cover

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TItle page, Copyright

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Contents

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Foreword

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pp. vii-viii

I count it a privilege and a pleasure to be Vandana Shiva’s friend—not least because, as her friend, I am spared the pain and suffering that she bestows upon her enemies. Her enemies are the radical oversimplifiers, the colonizers, of the global industrial corporations and their for-hire...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-8

Physics was my passion and my chosen profession. In school I received the Science Talent Scholarship, which gave me the opportunity to train in India’s leading scientific institutions. I trained to be a nuclear physicist in the Baba Atomic Research Centre, but moved to theoretical physics...

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1. The Gendered Politics of Food

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pp. 9-14

The Age of Enlightenment, and the theory of progress to which it gave rise, was centered on the sacredness of two categories: modern scientific knowledge and economic development. Somewhere along the way, the unbridled pursuit of progress, guided by science and development...

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2. Science and Politicsin the Green Revolution

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pp. 15-40

In 1970, Norman Borlaug was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for “a new world situation with regard to nutrition.” According to the Nobel Prize Committee, “The kinds of grain which are the result of Dr. Borlaug’s work speed economic growth in general in the developing countries...

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3. The Hijacking of the Global Food Supply

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pp. 41-54

Food is our most basic need, the very stuff of life. According to an ancient Indian Upanishad, “All that is born is born of anna [food]. Whatever exists on earth is born of anna, lives on anna, and in the end merges into anna. Anna indeed is the first born amongst all...

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4. Hunger by Design

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pp. 55-70

Why is every fourth Indian hungry? Why is every third woman in India anemic and malnourished? Why is every second child underweight, stunted, and wasted? Why has the hunger and malnutrition crisis deepened even as India has seen 9 percent growth? Why is “shining...

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5. Monocultures of the Mind

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pp. 71-112

In Argentina, when the dominant political system faces dissent, it responds by making the dissidents disappear. The desaparecidos, or the disappeared dissidents, share the fate of local knowledge systems throughout the world, which have been conquered through the politics...

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6. Toward a New Agriculture Paradigm

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pp. 113-138

The old paradigm of food and agriculture is clearly broken. As the report of the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD) carried out by four hundred scientists over six years for the United Nations has noted...

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7. Can Life Be Made? Can Life Be Owned?

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pp. 139-158

In 1971, General Electric and one of its employees, Anand Mohan Chakravarty, applied for a U.S. patent on a genetically engineered pseudomonas bacteria. Taking plasmids from three kinds of bacteria, Chakravarty transplanted them into a fourth. As he explained...

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8. The Seed and the Earth

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pp. 159-178

Regeneration lies at the heart of life and has been the central principle guiding sustainable societies; without regeneration, there can be no sustainability. Modern industrial society, however, has no time for thinking about regeneration and therefore no space for living...

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9. Seeds of Suicide

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pp. 179-218

This study takes stock of the impact of a decade of trade liberalization on the lives and livelihood of farmers. Across India farmers are taking the desperate step of ending their lives because of new pressures building up on them as a result of globalization and the corporate takeover...

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10. Seed Freedom— What Is at Stake

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pp. 219-228

Seed is not just the source of life. It is the very foundation of our being. For millions of years, seed has evolved freely to give us the diversity and richness of life on the planet. For thousands of years farmers, especially women, have evolved and bred seed freely in partnership with each...

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11. Food and Water

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pp. 229-238

Food and water are our most basic needs. Without water, food production is not possible. That is why drought and water scarcity translate into a decline of food production and an increase in hunger. Traditionally, food cultures evolved in response to the water possibilities...

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12. Soil, Not Oil

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pp. 239-276

Industrialized agriculture and globalized food systems have been put forth as sources of cheap and abundant food. However, food is no longer cheap. The era of cheap food and cheap oil is over. The food crisis, mainly triggered by rising prices, that emerged in 2007 and 2008 has...

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13. The GMO Emperor Has No Clothes

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pp. 277-298

Technologies are tools. They are ways of doing, or making things. They are means of transforming what nature has given into food, clothing, shelter, means of mobility, means of communication. The word technology is derived from two Greek...

Appendix

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pp. 299-328

Selected Bibliography

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pp. 329-332

Copyrights and Permissions

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pp. 333-334

Index

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pp. 335-356