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Books about Mennonites have centered primarily on the East Coast and the Midwest, where the majority of Mennonite communities in the United States are located. But these narratives neglect the unique history of the multitude of Mennonites living on the West Coast. In California Mennonites, Brian Froese relies on archival church records to examine the Mennonite experience in the Golden State, from the nineteenth-century migrants who came in search of sunshine and fertile soil to the traditionally agrarian community that struggled with issues of urbanization, race, gender, education, and labor in the twentieth century to the evangelically oriented, partially assimilated Mennonites of today. Froese places Mennonite experiences against a backdrop of major historical events, including World War II and Vietnam, and social issues, from labor disputes to the evolution of mental health care. California Mennonites include people who embrace a range of ideologies: many are historically rooted in the sixteenth-century Reformation ideals of the early Anabaptists (pacifism, congregationalism, discipleship); some embrace twentieth-century American evangelicalism (missions, Billy Graham); and others are committed to a type of social justice that involves forging practical ties to secular government programs while maintaining a quiet connection to religion. Through their experiences of religious diversity, changing demographics, and war, California Mennonites have wrestled with complicated questions of what it means to be American, Mennonite, and modern. This book—the first of its kind—will appeal to historians and religious studies scholars alike.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page
  2. pp. i-iii
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  1. Copyright Page
  2. p. iv
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  1. Dedication
  2. pp. v-viii
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  1. Contents
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xi-xxiv
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xxv-xxviii
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  1. 1. Going to California: The Mennonite Migration
  2. pp. 1-22
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  1. 2. Alone in the Garden: Boosters, Migrants, and Refugees
  2. pp. 23-44
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  1. 3. Urban Dystopia and Divine Nature: The Early Mennonite Colonies
  2. pp. 45-64
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  1. 4. Outsiders from Within: Defining California Mennonite Identity
  2. pp. 65-90
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  1. 5. New Neighbors: Confronting Racial and Religious Pluralism
  2. pp. 91-110
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  1. 6. From Sewing Circles to Missionary Societies: The Public Roles of Women in the Church
  2. pp. 111-132
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  1. 7. Peaceful Patriots: California Mennonites during World War II
  2. pp. 133-153
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  1. 8. Socially Active Mennonitism and Mental Health: The Origins of Kings View Homes
  2. pp. 154-175
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  1. 9. Feeding the Hungry: A Story of Piety and Professionalization
  2. pp. 176-192
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  1. 10. Protect and Assimilate: Evangelical Education in California
  2. pp. 193-211
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  1. 11. Labor Tensions: Mennonite Growers, the United Farm Workers, and the Farm Labor Problem
  2. pp. 212-229
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  1. 12. From Digging Gold to Saving Souls: The Transformation of California Mennonite Identity
  2. pp. 230-242
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  1. Epilogue. A New Breed of Mennonites
  2. pp. 243-254
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 255-302
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 303-322
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 323-336
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781421415130
Related ISBN
9781421415123
MARC Record
OCLC
899272746
Pages
352
Launched on MUSE
2015-01-27
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
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