In this Book

summary
Streetcars “are as dead as sailing ships,” said Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia in a radio speech, two days before Madison Avenue’s streetcars yielded to buses. LaGuardia was determined eliminate streetcars, demolish pre-1900 elevated lines, and unify the subway system, which became reality in 1940 when the separate IRT, BMT, and IND became one giant system under full public control._x000B__x000B_In this fascinating micro-history of New York’s transit system, author Andrew Sparberg examines twenty specific events between 1940 and 1968, bookended by subway unification and the MTA’s creation. From a Nickel to a Token depicts a potpourri of well-remembered, partially forgotten, and totally obscure happenings drawn from the historical tapestry of New York mass transit. Sparberg deftly captures five boroughs of grit, chaos, and emotion grappling with a massive and unwieldy transit system_x000B_ _x000B_During these decades, the system morphed into today’s network. The public sector absorbed most private surface lines operating within the five boroughs, and buses completely replaced streetcars. Elevated lines were demolished, replaced by subways or along Manhattan’s Third Avenue, not at all. Beyond the unification of the IND, IRT, and BMT, strategic track connections were built between lines to allow a more flexible and unified operation. The oldest subway routes received much-needed rehabilitation work. Thousands of new subway cars and buses were purchased. The sacred nickel fare barrier was broken, and by 1968 a ride cost twenty cents._x000B_ _x000B_From LaGuardia to Lindsay, mayors devoted much energy to solving transit problems, keeping fares low, and appeasing voters, fellow elected officials, transit managements, and labor leaders. Simultaneously, American society was experiencing tumultuous times, manifested by labor disputes, economic pressures, and civil rights protests._x000B__x000B_Featuring many photos never before published, From a Nickel to a Token is a historical trip back in time to a multitude of important events.

Table of Contents

  1. Title Page, Copyright
  2. pp. i-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xi-xiv
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  1. 1. 1940: Unification
  2. pp. 1-15
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  1. 2. 1941: A Strike and a Pioneering Labor Agreement
  2. pp. 16-24
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  1. 3. 1941: Dyre Avenue Subway Extension Opens
  2. pp. 25-30
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  1. 4. 1941–1948: Third Avenue Transit
  2. pp. 31-41
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  1. 5. 1944 and 1950: Goodbye to Brooklyn Bridge Rails
  2. pp. 42-48
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  1. 6. 1947–1948: Private to Public Bus Operations
  2. pp. 49-58
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  1. 7. 1948: Goodbye to the Nickel
  2. pp. 59-66
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  1. 8. 1947–1956: Final Decade for Brooklyn Trolleys
  2. pp. 67-74
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  1. 9. 1950: Farewell, Lexington Avenue
  2. pp. 75-79
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  1. 10. 1953–1968: The TA, Tokens, and TWU Triumphant
  2. pp. 80-95
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  1. 11. 1953: Last Double-Deck Buses Operate on Fifth Avenue
  2. pp. 96-99
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  1. 12. 1954–1956: The BMT and IND Begin a Courtship
  2. pp. 100-110
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  1. 13. 1955: Sunshine Returns to Third Avenue
  2. pp. 111-116
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  1. 14. 1956: Fifth Avenue Coach Becomes Number One
  2. pp. 117-121
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  1. 15. 1957–1959: IRT West Side Improvement
  2. pp. 122-128
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  1. 16. 1962: Fifth Avenue Coach Suddenly Disappears
  2. pp. 129-136
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  1. 17. 1964: World’s Fair, Blue Subways, Stainless Steel Subways
  2. pp. 137-142
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  1. 18. 1966: Mike Quill’s Last Hurrah
  2. pp. 143-150
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  1. 19. 1967: The BMT and IND Marry Forever
  2. pp. 151-158
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  1. 20. 1968: The MTA Is Created and Express Buses Appear
  2. pp. 159-166
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 167-168
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 169-178
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780823261932
Related ISBN
9780823261901
MARC Record
OCLC
893676425
Pages
400
Launched on MUSE
2015-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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