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summary

At the end of the Southern Plains Indian wars in 1875, the War Department shipped seventy-two Kiowa, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Comanche, and Caddo prisoners from Fort Sill, Oklahoma, to Fort Marion in St. Augustine, Florida. These most resistant Native people, referred to as “trouble causers,” arrived to curious, boisterous crowds eager to see the Indian warriors they knew only from imagination. Fort Marion Prisoners and the Trauma of Native Education is an evocative work of creative nonfiction, weaving together history, oral traditions, and personal experience to tell the story of these Indian prisoners.

Resurrecting the voices and experiences of the prisoners who underwent a painful regimen of assimilation, Diane Glancy’s work is part history, part documentation of personal accounts, and a search for imaginative openings into the lives of the prisoners who left few of their own records other than carvings in their cellblocks and the famous ledger books. They learned English, mathematics, geography, civics, and penmanship with the knowledge that acquiring the same education as those in the U.S. government would be their best tool for petitioning for freedom. Glancy reveals stories of survival and an intimate understanding of the Fort Marion prisoners’ predicament.

 

 

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
  2. pp. i-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-xii
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  1. Fort Marion Prisoners: 1875– 1878
  2. pp. 1-3
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  1. Photograph of Fort Marion Prisoners
  2. pp. 4-5
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  1. Ride to Prison: April 28, 1875, Fort Sill, Indian Territory
  2. pp. 6-7
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  1. The Train Ride: May 4, 1875, Caddo, Indian Territory
  2. pp. 8-11
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  1. Ledger Book Drawing
  2. p. 12
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  1. The Animal Show
  2. pp. 13-17
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  1. The Morning Had a Bugle in Its Mouth
  2. p. 18
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  1. Night
  2. pp. 19-20
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  1. Digging a Hole in the Water
  2. pp. 21-22
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  1. Ledger Book Drawing
  2. p. 23
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  1. Backtrack: May 21, 1875, Northern Florida
  2. pp. 24-29
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  1. Ledger Book Drawing
  2. pp. 30-31
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  1. The Ax in My Hand
  2. p. 32
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  1. Ledger Book Drawing
  2. p. 33
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  1. Fort Marion
  2. pp. 34-35
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  1. Ledger Book Drawings (1)
  2. pp. 36-37
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  1. The Life Casts
  2. pp. 38-41
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  1. Photograph of Life Casts
  2. p. 42
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  1. The Process of Writing (1)
  2. pp. 43-47
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  1. The Ocean Dogs
  2. pp. 48-50
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  1. Ledger Book Drawings (2)
  2. p. 51
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  1. Ledger Book Drawing
  2. p. 52
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  1. Schooling
  2. pp. 53-54
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  1. Ledger Book Drawing
  2. p. 55
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  1. A Snapshot of the History of Native
  2. pp. 56-57
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  1. The Testimonials (1)
  2. pp. 58-59
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  1. The Process of Writing (2)
  2. pp. 60-61
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  1. Pow Wow at the Seaside
  2. pp. 62-63
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  1. The Escape
  2. pp. 64-65
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  1. Ledger Book Drawing
  2. p. 66
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  1. Trying to Walk while Holding Marbleson a Board
  2. p. 67
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  1. I Was Herded into School with a Big Chief Tablet under My Arm
  2. pp. 68-72
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  1. There Were Clouds
  2. pp. 73-74
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  1. The Testimonials (2)
  2. pp. 75-77
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  1. The Letters (1)
  2. p. 78
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  1. The Weight of Fire
  2. pp. 79-87
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  1. The Process of Writing (3)
  2. pp. 88-89
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  1. I Will Send My Choice Leopards
  2. pp. 90-94
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  1. Letters for Release
  2. pp. 95-97
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  1. Ride from Prison on a Painted Horse
  2. pp. 98-100
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  1. The Argument
  2. pp. 101-102
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  1. Captain Pratt to the Commissioners
  2. pp. 103-105
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  1. The Process of Writing (4)
  2. pp. 106-107
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  1. An Educational Experience
  2. pp. 108-111
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  1. Ledger Book Drawing
  2. p. 112
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  1. Undermath
  2. pp. 113-115
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  1. Photograph of former Fort Marion Prisoners at Hampton Institute
  2. p. 116
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. 119-122
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 123-124
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780803256934
Related ISBN(s)
9780803249677
MARC Record
OCLC
891382812
Pages
144
Launched on MUSE
2014-10-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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