Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Preface to the Paperback Edition

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pp. vii-viii

The issuance of a less expensive paperback edition of this book is intended to widen its availability to students, and to more casual readers of topics within the domain of ancient Greek history. It is also hoped that this publication can make a contribution to contemporary discussions among policymakers, ...

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Preface

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pp. ix-xii

When I first began this project, the subject of ancient Greek citizenship had received little recent attention from scholars. As my work progressed, I thought a lot about why. Partly, I supposed, because the subject seemed so obvious. ...

A Note on References and Abbreviations

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pp. xiii-xiv

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1. Introduction: What Was Athenian Citizenship?

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pp. 3-34

The scene is an Athenian court, about 345 B.C.1 The speaker is expressing his outrage that a foreign prostitute and her Athenian "husband," through their wanton behavior and illegal registration of children, have disgraced the laws of Athenian citizenship, something "worthy and sacred" (kalon kai semnon). ...

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2. In Search of the Polis

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pp. 35-54

"I am Athenian," said the proud citizen of classical Athens; "I share in the polis." His conception and exercise of citizenship were bound intimately to the world of his polis, and we now need to examine the Athenian polis itself. As one looks for its beginnings, the quest for the origin of the community will necessarily provide clues about membership in it. ...

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3. Early Society

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pp. 55-69

A purported beginning of the Athenian polis appears in legend with the event known as synoikismos, literally "the joining together of family households." During the heroic age, according to tradition, King Theseus unified the many autonomous villages of Attika by bringing them under the political authority of Athens.1 ...

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4. Laws, Boundaries, and Centralization

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pp. 70-92

By the seventh century the decentralized social mosaic of the earlier Dark Ages began to change. Slowly but perceptibly, the individualistic ways of life within the many regional villages and corporations were overshadowed by the development of an embryonic unity and evolving sense of self-definition across the Attic population. ...

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5. Land, Society, and Population at the Beginning of the Sixth Century

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pp. 93-123

A crucial part of any polis was the territory that surrounded its civic center. That component was indeed vital to the Athenian polis which, as a primarily agrarian community, depended mightily on cultivable Attic land. Athenians farmed it, lived on it, survived by it—by tradition their ancestors were even born from it— ...

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6. Solon and the "Invention" of the Athenian Polis

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pp. 124-156

In the Classical Age age, Athenians looked back upon Solon as a statesman, poet, and traveler. Historians today describe him (variously) as a founding father of democracy, a popular leader who broke the Eupatrid monopoly of power, a moderate but visionary politician who brought civic justice to his society.1 ...

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7. Tyranny, Trials, and the Triumph of Kleisthenes

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pp. 157-209

Plutarch tells the story that the Skythian prince Anacharsis laughed at Solon for thinking he could stop the greed and injustice of Athenians with written laws. Such things, he said, are like spiders' webs: sufficient to hold back the frail and weak, but easily smashed by the rich and powerful (Sol. 5). ...

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8. Conclusion

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pp. 210-220

Throughout history, people have pondered the relationship between themselves and the society to which they belong. Citizenship, as one form of that relationship, deserves such reflection; and ancient Greek citizenship provides a provocative case study for those who would look to the past to understand the ties between an individual and the world in which he or she lives. ...

References

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pp. 221-258

Index

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pp. 259-265