Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-xii

...organization directors, staff, volunteers, and immigrants who allowed me to work beside them throughout my ethnographic research. I especially extend my gratitude to the many immigrants who spoke to me and shared parts of their lives during very traumatic times; their courage and determination is inspirational. My time...

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Introduction. Sanctioning Immigrants: “Ending Welfare as We Know It”

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pp. xiii-xxx

...immigrants are often couched in terms of scarce resources, workplace competition, cultural unity, and assimilability. Contentious and controversial immigration politics are not new to the United States; in our increasing state of globalization, immigration policy has increasingly concerned...

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1. New Nativism and Welfare Reform: Asian Immigrants as Racialized Foreigners

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pp. 1-21

...Regional patterns of settlement have always shaped Asian American politics as well as community and individual experiences. California has, from the start, been at the forefront of contentious state politics in response to Asian immigration. In the year 2000, 48 percent of Asian Pacific Americans...

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2. Welfare Reform and the Politics of Citizenship

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pp. 22-50

...implicit in the 40 percent savings made to the welfare budget from immigrant cuts alone. The rationale to exclude immigrants from public assistance came at a time when neoliberal free trade policies were proliferating to advance the movement of capital, and while nativist Americans...

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3. Refugees Betrayed

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pp. 51-92

...villages in 1974, Chia Yang, her husband, and six children fled across the Mekong River and into the jungles of Thailand. She, along with thousands of other refugees, walked for days, passing the bodies of perished men, women, and children, and dodging land mines, as they...

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4. The Rush for Citizenship: Naturalization as a Technocratic Apparatus of Exclusion

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pp. 93-127

...by answering their questions in a less intimidating and more supportive environment. Record numbers of immigrants began filing for naturalization, producing a two-year waiting list within months of the law’s passage. This timeframe proved detrimental for those...

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5. On Not Making Ends Meet: Mothers without Citizenship

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pp. 128-153

...reform, as it encompassed drastic changes to multiple forms of public assistance, became synonymous in the arguments of avid reformers with assumptions about undeserving welfare mothers, deviant women’s irresponsibility, and dependency. The racial gendered politics that surrounded...

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6. The Devaluation of Immigrant Families

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pp. 154-178

...policy directed at noncitizen parents would ultimately impact American citizen children. Changes in Medicaid, food stamps, and SSI have also resulted in reduced income and fewer resources for families headed...

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Conclusion: The Continuing Significance of Racialized Citizenship

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pp. 179-198

...experience higher levels of poverty and hunger; and their children now have less parental supervision, contact, and nurturing because either their mothers are struggling to fulfill thirty hours of work requirements, or they are engaged in long hours of exploitative labor to make...

Notes

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pp. 199-226

Index

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pp. 227-240

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About the Author

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pp. 241-241

...Lynn Fujiwara is assistant professor in the Program of Women’s and Gender Studies and the Department of Sociology at the University of Oregon...