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By the mid-twentieth century, Eastern European Jews had become one of Argentina’s largest minorities. Some represented a wave of immigration begun two generations before; many settled in the province of Entre Ríos and founded an agricultural colony. Taking its title from the resulting hybrid of acculturation, The Invention of the Jewish Gaucho examines the lives of these settlers, who represented a merger between native cowboy identities and homeland memories. The arrival of these immigrants in what would be the village of Villa Clara coincided with the nation’s new sense of liberated nationhood. In a meticulous rendition of Villa Clara’s social history, Judith Freidenberg interweaves ethnographic and historical information to understand the saga of European immigrants drawn by Argentine open-door policies in the nineteenth century and its impact on the current transformation of immigration into multicultural discourses in the twenty-first century. Using Villa Clara as a case study, Freidenberg demonstrates the broad power of political processes in the construction of ethnic, class, and national identities. The Invention of the Jewish Gaucho draws on life histories, archives, material culture, and performances of heritage to enhance our understanding of a singular population—and to transform our approach to social memory itself.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Frontmatter
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  1. Contents
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  1. Foreword
  2. pp. ix-xii
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  1. Preface: The Story Behind the Story
  2. pp. xiii-xvii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xix-xx
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  1. Chapter One. Social Memory as Part of Villa Clara's History
  2. pp. 1-12
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  1. Chapter Two. Entre R
  2. pp. 13-40
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  1. Chapter Three. Colonia Clara and the Emergence of the "Jewish Gauchos" (1892-1902)
  2. pp. 41-64
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  1. Chapter Four. From Jewish Gauchos to Gaucho Jews: Regional Economic Development and Intercultural Relations at the End of the Nineteenth Century
  2. pp. 65-79
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  1. Chapter Five. The Rise and Demise of Jewish Villa Clara (1902-1930s)
  2. pp. 81-102
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  1. Chapter Six. Rural Depopulation and the Emergence of a Multiethnic and Socially Stratified Landscape in Villa Clara (1940s-1990s)
  2. pp. 103-122
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  1. Chapter Seven. The Present as Politicized Past: Legitimizing Social Structure through Heritage (1990s-2000s)
  2. pp. 123-141
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  1. Epilogue: The Jewish Gaucho Revisited
  2. pp. 143-149
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  1. Appendix I: Methodological Notes
  2. pp. 151-158
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  1. Appendix II: Chronology of Relevant Events in Villa Clara
  2. pp. 159-160
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 161-170
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  1. Glossary of Terms
  2. pp. 171-172
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 173-178
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 179-184
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780292795150
Related ISBN
9780292719958
MARC Record
OCLC
560655365
Pages
206
Launched on MUSE
2012-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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