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Should prisons attempt reform and uplift inmates or, by means of principled punishment, deter them from further wrongdoing? This debate has raged in Western Europe and in the United States at least since the late eighteenth century. Joseph F. Spillane examines the failure of progressive reform in New York State by focusing on Coxsackie, a New Deal reformatory built for young male offenders. Opened in 1935 to serve “adolescents adrift,” Coxsackie instead became an unstable and brutalizing prison. From the start, the liberal impulse underpinning the prison’s mission was overwhelmed by challenges it was unequipped or unwilling to face—drugs, gangs, and racial conflict. Spillane draws on detailed prison records to reconstruct a life behind bars in which “ungovernable” young men posed constant challenges to racial and cultural order. The New Deal order of the prison was unstable from the start; the politics of punishment quickly became the politics of race and social exclusion, and efforts to save liberal reform in postwar New York only deepened its failures. In 1977, inmates took hostages to focus attention on their grievances. The result was stricter discipline and an end to any pretense that Coxsackie was a reform institution. Why did the prison fail? For answers, Spillane immerses readers in the changing culture and racial makeup of the U.S. prison system and borrows from studies of colonial prisons, which emblemized efforts by an exploitative regime to impose cultural and racial restraint on others. In today’s era of mass incarceration, prisons have become conflict-ridden warehouses and powerful symbols of racism and inequality. This account challenges the conventional wisdom that America’s prison crisis is of comparatively recent vintage, showing instead how a racial and punitive system of control emerged from the ashes of a progressive ideal.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page
  2. pp. i-iii
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  1. Copyright Page
  2. p. iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. vii-xii
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  1. Introduction. The Ashes of Reform
  2. pp. 1-12
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  1. Part One: The Rapid Rise Of Prison Reform In New York, 1929– 1944
  2. pp. 13-14
  1. Chapter One. The Reformer’s Mural: The Liberal Penal Imagination
  2. pp. 15-36
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  1. Chapter Two. A New Deal for Prisons: The Politics of Reform in New York
  2. pp. 37-58
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  1. Part Two: Prison Lives And The World Of The Reformatory
  2. pp. 59-60
  1. Chapter Three. Adolescents Adrift: Young Men on the Road to Coxsackie
  2. pp. 61-90
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  1. Chapter Four. Against the Wall: Survival and Resistance at Coxsackie
  2. pp. 91-113
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  1. Chapter Five. Reform at Work: Ideas into Action at Coxsackie
  2. pp. 114-137
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  1. Chapter Six. A Conspiracy of Frustration: Coming Home
  2. pp. 137-158
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  1. Part Three: The Slow Death Of Prison Reform In New York, 1944– 1977
  2. pp. 159-160
  1. Chapter Seven. The Frying Pan and the Fire: The Reformatory in Crisis, 1944–1963
  2. pp. 161-181
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  1. Chapter Eight. Out of Time: Coxsackie and the End of the Reform Idea
  2. pp. 182-206
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  1. Chapter Nine. Floodtide: Coxsackie and Post-Reformatory Prison Politics, 1963–1977
  2. pp. 207-226
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  1. Conclusion. The Ghost of Prisons Future
  2. pp. 227-232
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 233-284
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  1. Essay on Sources
  2. pp. 285-290
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 291-296
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781421413235
Related ISBN
9781421413228
MARC Record
OCLC
879202833
Pages
320
Launched on MUSE
2014-06-06
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
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