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Since the 1970s the feminization thesis has become a powerful trope in the rewriting of the social history of Christendom. However, this ‘thesis' has triggered some vehement debates, given that men have continued to dominate the churches, and the churches themselves have reacted to the association of religion and femininity, often formulated by their critics, by explicitly focusing their appeal to men. In this book the authors critically reflect upon the use of concepts like feminization and masculinization in relation to Christianity. By presenting case studies that adopt different gendered approaches with regard to Christian, mainly Catholic discourses and practices, the authors capture multiple ‘feminizations' and ‘masculinizations' in Europe during the 19th and 20th centuries. In particular, it becomes clear that the idea that Christianity took on ‘charicteristically feminine' values and practices cannot withstand the conclusion that what is considered ‘manly' or ‘feminine' depends on time, place, and context, and on the reasons why gendered metaphors are used.

Table of Contents

  1. Title Page, Copyright
  2. pp. 1-4
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  1. CONTENTS
  2. pp. 5-6
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  1. BEYOND THE FEMINIZATION THESIS: GENDERING THE HISTORY OF CHRISTIANITY IN THE NINETEENTH AND TWENTIETH CENTURIES
  2. PATRICK PASTURE
  3. pp. 7-34
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  1. THE CATHOLIC POOR RELIEF DISCOURSE AND THE FEMINIZATION OF THE CARITAS IN EARLY NINETEENTH-CENTURY GERMANY
  2. BERNHARD SCHNEIDER
  3. pp. 35-56
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  1. CELIBATE OR MARRIED PRIESTS?
  2. ANGELA BERLIS
  3. pp. 57-72
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  1. THE CULT OF THE VIRGIN MARY,OR THE FEMINIZATION OF THE MALE ELEMENT IN THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH?
  2. JAN ART
  3. pp. 73-84
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  1. THE ‘SPORTSMAN’ AND THE ‘MUSCULAR CHRISTIAN’
  2. HUGH MCLEOD
  3. pp. 85-106
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  1. LIONS AND LAMBS AT THE SAME TIME!
  2. THOMAS BUERMAN
  3. pp. 107-120
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  1. ‘FROM THAT MOMENT ON, I WAS A MAN!’
  2. TINE VAN OSSELAER
  3. pp. 121-136
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  1. REPERTOIRES OF CATHOLIC MANLINESS IN THE NETHERLANDS (1850-1940)
  2. MARIT MONTEIRO
  3. pp. 137-156
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  1. THE BOYS OF SAINT DOMINIC’S
  2. MARIEKE SMULDERS
  3. pp. 157-172
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  1. FEMALE SOLDIERS AND THE BATTLE FOR GOD
  2. MARJET DERKS
  3. pp. 173-190
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  1. A FEMINIZED CHURCH?
  2. MICHAEL E. O’SULLIVAN
  3. pp. 191-211
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  1. BIBLIOGRAPHY
  2. pp. 212-235
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  1. INDEX OF PERSONS
  2. pp. 236-238
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  1. CONTRIBUTORS
  2. pp. 239-239
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  1. COLOPHON
  2. pp. 240-240
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Additional Information

ISBN
9789461661043
Related ISBN
9789058679123
MARC Record
OCLC
878818878
Pages
240
Launched on MUSE
2015-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
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