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Merchant of Illusion revisits the intriguing projects and ideas of famed developer James Rouse. Known mainly for his “Festival Marketplaces” in Boston and Baltimore, Rouse actually played a more important role in redefining private sector urban policy as the leading force in American public life. He argued persuasively—using diverse means of communication—that the private sector, with only limited state aid, had the ability to create a nearly ideal urban order. The shopping centers, planned communities, downtown redevelopment projects, community development corporations and festival marketplaces he helped pioneer, develop, and publicize became America’s compelling answer to state-dominated urbanism in the Soviet Union and social democratic Europe. Although Rouse occasionally acknowledged the limitations of his privatized brand of public policy, and the continuing urban crisis, his own critical insights were overshadowed by his high-profile projects. Bloom examines Rouse’s major spheres of activities, both their strengths and weaknesses, in thematic chapters. Merchant of Illusion, by evaluating Rouse’s activities in the context of cold war ideology and competition, provides a much needed critical treatment of the rise of private sector urbanism in the United States. For this reason and many others it will be of great interest to urban and cultural historians, political scientists, sociologists, planners and the general public with an interest in urban affairs. Merchant of Illusion follows on the heels of Bloom’s first book, Suburban Alchemy, which looks at three suburban “new towns” of the era, one of which—Columbia, Maryland—was Rouse’s brainchild.

Table of Contents

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  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
  2. pp. i-iv
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  1. Table of Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. James Wilson Rouse Timeline
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. ix-xxii
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  1. 1. Diverging Paths to Urban Social Welfare
  2. pp. 1-26
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  1. 2. Reinventing the Capitalist City
  2. pp. 27-55
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  1. 3. A Businessman's Search for Slumless Cities
  2. pp. 56-106
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  1. 4. Public Life as Consumerism: Businessman Monopolize Main Street
  2. pp. 107-125
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  1. 5. The For-Profit New Town Mirage
  2. pp. 126-149
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  1. 6. American Midas: Rouse and Festival Marketplaces
  2. pp. 150-180
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  1. Epilogue
  2. pp. 181-190
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. 191-192
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 193-214
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 215-224
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  1. Other Titles in the Series
  2. pp. 225-228
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