In this Book

  • The Making of the First Korean President: Syngman Rhee's Quest for Independence, 1875-1948
  • Book
  • Young Ick Lew
  • 2013
  • Published by: University of Hawai'i Press
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summary
The only full-scale history of Syngman Rhee’s (1875–1965) early career in English was published nearly six decades ago. Now, in The Making of the First Korean President, Young Ick Lew uncovers little-known aspects of Rhee’s leadership roles prior to 1948, when he became the Republic of Korea’s first president. In this richly illustrated volume, Lew delves into Rhee’s background, investigates his abortive diplomatic missions, and explains how and why he was impeached as the head of the Korean Provisional Government in 1925. He analyzes the numerous personal conflicts between Rhee and other prominent Korean leaders, including some close friends and supporters who eventually denounced him as an autocrat.

Rhee is portrayed as a fallible yet charismatic leader who spent his life fighting in the diplomatic and propaganda arena for the independence of his beleaguered nation—a struggle that would have consumed and defeated lesser men. Based on exhaustive research that incorporates archival records as well as secondary sources in Korean, English, and Japanese, The Making of the First Korean President meticulously lays out the key developments of Rhee’s pre-presidential career, including his early schooling in Korea, involvement in the reform movement against the Taehan (“Great Korean”) Empire, and his six-year incarceration in Seoul Prison for a coup attempt on Emperor Kojong. Rhee’s life in the U.S. is also examined in detail: his education at George Washington, Harvard, and Princeton universities; his evangelical work at the Seoul YMCA; his extensive activities in Hawai‘i and attempts to maintain prestige and power among Koreans in the U.S. Lew concludes that, despite the manifold shortcomings in Rhee’s authoritarian leadership, he was undoubtedly best prepared to assume the presidency of South Korea after the onset of the Cold War in the Korean Peninsula.

Essential reading for anyone with an interest in modern Korean history, this work will serve as a lasting portrait of one of the pivotal figures in the evolution of Korea as it journeyed from colonial suppression to freedom and security.

Young Ick Lew is a former Chair Professor of Korean Studies, Graduate School of International Studies, Yonsei University in Seoul. Currently, he is T. H. Elema Chair Professor of Korean history at Handong Global University in P’ohang and a senior counselor to the Syngman Rhee Institute, Yonsei University.

Table of Contents

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  1. Cover
  2. p. 1
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
  2. pp. 2-7
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-x
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xi-xiv
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xv-xviii
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  1. Note on Romanization and Photos
  2. pp. xix-xx
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  1. Abbreviations
  2. pp. xxi-xxii
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  1. Korean Names
  2. pp. xxiii-xxvi
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  1. Chapter 1. Birth of a Christian Reformer
  2. pp. 1-17
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  1. Chapter 2. Diplomacy with a U.S. President and Ivy League Education in America
  2. pp. 18-40
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  1. Chapter 3. Christian Education and Evangelism in Korea and Japan
  2. pp. 41-63
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  1. Chapter 4. Early Life in Hawai‘i
  2. pp. 64-88
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  1. Chapter 5. President of the Korean Provisional Governments
  2. pp. 89-130
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  1. Chapter 6. Fall from Power in Shanghai and Hawai‘i
  2. pp. 131-177
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  1. Chapter 7. Solo Drive for Korean Independence in Europe and Marriage to Francesca Donner
  2. pp. 178-202
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  1. Chapter 8. In Pursuit of Diplomatic Recognition during the Pacific War
  2. pp. 203-234
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  1. Chapter 9. New Rivals and Detractors
  2. pp. 235-266
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  1. Chapter 10. Becoming the President of the Republic of Korea
  2. pp. 267-280
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  1. Conclusion
  2. pp. 281-294
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  1. Chronology of Syngman Rhee’s Career to 1948
  2. pp. 295-304
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  1. Appendix A. An English Summary of Syngman Rhee’s The Spirit of Independence
  2. pp. 305-308
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  1. Appendix B. Petition from the Koreans of Hawaii to President Theodore Roosevelt, July 12, 1905
  2. pp. 309-310
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  1. Appendix C. James S. Gale’s Letter of Recommendation on Behalf of Syngman Rhee, November 2, 1904
  2. pp. 311-312
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  1. Appendix D. Petition of Syngman Rhee and Henry Chung to President Woodrow Wilson, February 25, 1919
  2. pp. 313-315
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  1. Appendix E. A Petition to the President of the United States and the Peace Conference in Paris
  2. p. 316
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  1. Appendix F. Letter from President Syngman Rhee to the Emperor of Japan, June 18, 1919
  2. pp. 317-318
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  1. Appendix G. President Syngman Rhee’s “Executive Order Creating the Korean Commission” and “Rules Governing the Commission,” September 1919
  2. pp. 319-320
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  1. Appendix H. The Revenue of the Korean Commission, September 1919–April 1922 (Unit: U.S. dollars)
  2. p. 321
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  1. Appendix I. The Expenditures of the Korean Commission, December 1919–August 1921 (Unit: U.S. dollars)
  2. p. 322
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  1. Appendix J. Korea’s Appeal to the Conference on the Limitation of Armament, December 1, 1921
  2. pp. 323-328
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  1. Appendix K. Syngman Rhee, “Statement of the Koreans in Manchuria,” February 18, 1933
  2. pp. 329-331
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  1. Appendix L. Translation of a Korean Speech by Dr. Syngman Rhee
  2. pp. 332-334
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 335-394
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  1. Glossary
  2. pp. 395-402
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 403-436
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 437-444
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  1. About the Author, Production Notes, Back Cover
  2. pp. 472-474
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