Cover

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pp. C-ii

Title Page

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pp. iii-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

List of Figures

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pp. vii-viii

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Foreword

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pp. ix-x

For decades I have been haunted by Margaret Garner. In the 19eight.oldstyle0s while heading the Black Women in the Middle West Archival Creation Project, I sought documents to shed light on the lives and experiences of all black women during the slavery era. This quest led me to a newspaper clipping about Margaret Garner?s futile ef_fort to escape from inherited perpetual slavery in order to build a free life with her children ...

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Preface

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pp. xi-xx

This anthology of women?s opposition to slavery and violence in historical, con-temporary, and global contexts began as a symposium titled Gendered Resistance, co-sponsored by Miami University and the National Underground Railroad Free-dom Center in Cincinnati in October 2005, organized by Mary E. Frederickson, faculty member in the Department of History at Miami University, and Delores ...

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Introduction: Re(dis)covering and Recreating the Cultural Milieu of Margaret Garner

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pp. 22-22

Margaret Garner?s act of infanticide represents the most drastic and extreme form of woman-centered resistance to the brutality of slavery. In 1eight.oldstyle5six.oldstyle, when Garner killed her two-year-old daughter and attempted to kill her other three children rather than see them returned to slavery, her story was sensationalized in newspaper accounts that piqued the consciousness of the nation. Garner?s ...

PART I: HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES ON GENDERED RESISTANCE

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1. A Mother's Arithmetic: Elizabeth Clark Gaines's Journey from Slavery to Freedom

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pp. 25-48

In 1991, af_ter the publication of Beloved, Toni Morrison addressed an audience of a thousand historians at the Organization of American Historians meeting in Louisville, Kentucky. Af_ter a stirring introduction by Darlene Clark Hine, the crowded conference ballroom grew quiet as Morrison spoke of the importance of remembering those who ?brought you over,? those who made it possible ?to ...

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2. Coerced but Not Subdued: The Gendered Resistance of Women Escaping Slavery

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pp. 49-76

Oh woman, woman! Upon you I call; for upon your exertions almost entirely depends whether the rising generation shall be anything more ? Maria W. Stewart, ?An Address Delivered before the Afric-American Female Intelligence Society of Boston? (uniF6DCuniF640uniF63BuniF63A)published in Cape Fear Recorder [Wilmington, N.C.], April 12, 1eight.oldstyle25. ...

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3. Secret Agents: Black Women Insurgents on Abolitionist Battlegrounds

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pp. 77-98

The confrontation over the abolition of slavery in America has been framed by historians and in the popular imagination as primarily a contest between Northern and Southern men. As a result, abolitionist resistance performed by women?black and white, enslaved and free?has not received the attention given to resistance by men. Nineteenth-century women as a group were typically viewed as passive ...

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4. Enslaved Women's Resistance and Survival Strategies in Frances Ellen Watkins Harper's "The Slave Mother: A Tale of the Ohio" and Toni Morrison's Beloved and Margaret Garner

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pp. 99-114

Throughout the history of the United States, African American women have frequently been abused sexually, a circumstance particularly pervasive during slavery. Enslaved women?s resistance to subjugation has taken many forms, from escape to suicide to murder. These women?s responses to abuse have always been gendered: their resistance of_ten had direct connections to their status as women, ...

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5. Can Quadroon Balls Represent Acquiescence or Resistance?

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pp. 115-132

Because of its reputed role in facilitating quasi-marital contracts across the color line between white men and free women of color, the quadroon ball of_fers an interesting perspective on American conceptions of consent. For more than two centuries, countless pieces of Americana have represented female ?quadroons??women possessing one fourth black and three fourths white ?blood,? including ...

PART II: GLOBAL SLAVERY, HEALING, AND NEW VISIONS IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY

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6. "Freedom Just Might be Possible": Suraj Kali's Moment of Decision

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pp. 135-146

Suraj Kali woke every morning at six o?clock to begin her workday in slavery, pounding gravel into sand with a hammer. Her family had been held in slavery in Uttar Pradesh, India, for generations, children inheriting from their parents a bogus, illegal debt that could never be paid of_f. ?My parents, my in-laws, they all died as slaves,? she explained. For many years, Suraj assumed that she and ...

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7. Marginality and Allegories of Gendered Resistance: Experiences from Southern Yemen

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pp. 147-170

Forces of spirit possession cut across time and space.uniF6DC The compelling presence of the devil and malevolent spirits called jinn in the Delta region of southern Yemen in the 1990s echo accounts of spirits, tricksters, or aye in West African and New World cultures. Margaret Garner?s life history as interpreted by Toni Morrison in Beloved connects us with a spiritual world of memory and possession that ...

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8. Resurrecting Chica da Silva: Gender, Race, and Nation in Brazilian Popular Culture

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pp. 171-190

On April 2eight.oldstyle, 200eight.oldstyle, I spent the day translating for the prominent Black Brazilian film-maker, Joel Zito Ara?jo, who was finalizing his documentary Cinderellas, Wolves, and Prince Charming, detailing the intricate networks of the sexual tourism indus-try.uniF6DC Ara?jo?s film reveals a pattern in which white European men travel to Brazil in order to fulfill their sexual desires and fantasies, more of_ten than not with women ...

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9. The Psychological Aftereffects of Racialized Sexual Violence

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pp. 191-205

When I was invited to contribute to this anthology on enslaved women?whom I identify as our mothers, sisters, aunts, cousins, and friends?I thought about my years of clinical work with girls and women of color who are survivors of intimate partner violence and sexual abuse and the countless queries from students, col-leagues, patients, and others who have asked me why these clients stay in abusive ...

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10. Art and Memory: Healing Body, Mind, Spirit: A conversation with Carolyn Mazloomi, Nailah Randall-Bellinger, Olivia Cousins, S. Pearl Sharp, and Catherine Roma

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pp. 206-222

The Gendered Resistance Symposium, sponsored by Miami University and the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center, featured the artwork of seven contemporary women. Fabric artist Carolyn Mazloomi opened the conference with A Piece of My Mind, a powerful quilt exhibit on the history of sexual abuse and violence, which she prepared for the conference. Performance artist Vanessa ...

Contributors

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pp. 223-228

Index

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pp. 229-236