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summary
Erik J. Engstrom offers a historical perspective on the effects of gerrymandering on elections and party control of the U.S. national legislature. Aside from the requirements that districts be continuous and, after 1842, that each select only one representative, there were few restrictions on congressional districting. Unrestrained, state legislators drew and redrew districts to suit their own partisan agendas. With the rise of the “one-person, one-vote” doctrine and the implementation of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, however, redistricting became subject to court oversight. Engstrom evaluates the abundant cross-sectional and temporal variation in redistricting plans and their electoral results from all the states, from 1789 through the 1960s, to identify the causes and consequences of partisan redistricting. His analysis reveals that districting practices across states and over time systematically affected the competitiveness of congressional elections; shaped the partisan composition of congressional delegations; and, on occasion, determined party control of the House of Representatives.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. p. 1
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  1. Title Page, Abstract, About the Author, About the Series, Other Works in the Series, Copyright
  2. pp. 2-5
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. 6-7
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. 8-9
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  1. One. Gerrymandering and the Evolution of American Politics
  2. pp. 1-18
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  1. Part I: The Early Republic, 1789–1840
  2. pp. 19-20
  1. Two. Districting and the Construction of Early American Democracy
  2. pp. 21-42
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  1. Three. The Origins of Single-Member Districts
  2. pp. 43-56
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  1. Part II: The Partisan Era, 1840–1900
  2. pp. 57-58
  1. Four. The Strategic Timing of Congressional Redistricting
  2. pp. 59-79
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  1. Five. Stacking the States, Stacking the House: The Partisan Consequences of Congressional Redistricting
  2. pp. 80-99
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  1. Six. Electoral Competition and Critical Elections
  2. pp. 100-129
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  1. Seven. A Congress of Strangers: Gerrymandering and Legislative Turnover
  2. pp. 130-147
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  1. Eight. The Partisan Impact of Malapportionment
  2. pp. 148-164
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  1. Part III: Redistricting in the Candidate-Centered Era,1900–Present
  2. pp. 165-166
  1. Nine. From Turbulence to Stasis, 1900–1964
  2. pp. 167-190
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  1. Ten. Gerrymandering and the Future of American Politics
  2. pp. 191-206
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 207-212
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  1. References
  2. pp. 213-222
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 223-228
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780472029525
Related ISBN
9780472119011
MARC Record
OCLC
864551166
Pages
256
Launched on MUSE
2013-11-15
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
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