Cover

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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

List of Illustrations

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pp. ix-x

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Preface and Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xviii

...The construction and defense of barricades, along with the practical and symbolic functions they perform in violent confrontations, have fascinated me since I first undertook the study of French revolutionary history. Part of the barricade’s allure is its close association with moments of dramatic upheaval and accelerated social change. Equally intriguing to me has been the fact that barricades in their purest form are artifacts of the...

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1. The Insurgent Barricade

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pp. 1-21

...In the early morning hours of June 5, 1832, crowds of workers, students, militants, and a scattering of political refugees began to gather in the streets of Paris.1 The intent of most participants was to express displeasure with the Orléanist July monarchy, which had been installed just two years earlier, though the occasion for their protest was provided by...

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2. The First Barricades

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pp. 22-51

...The search for origins comes naturally to historians, presumably because they attach special significance to the logic of temporality. Believing that the course of human affairs is influenced by all that went before, they are inclined to trace events back to the circumstances of their beginning in an effort to understand their import...

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3. The Barricades of the Fronde

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pp. 52-78

...If historians have largely overlooked barricade events prior to May 12, 1588, it has been in part because earlier incidents produced no obvious sequel and appeared to be without lasting historical consequence. In contrast, the Day of the Barricades in Paris can be shown to have had a far-reaching impact, both in the capital and beyond. The city registers document...

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4. The Long-Term Incidence of Barricade Events and the Lost Barricades of the French Revolution

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pp. 79-92

...That total could be viewed as either understating or overstating the actual number of barricade events. On the one hand, I have no illusions that I have managed to uncover every instance of barricade building that took place from the time of the tactic’s origination until the end of the nineteenth century. On the other hand, even this simple tally could be seen as overstating the frequency of the barricade phenomenon...

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5. Barricades in Belgium, 1787–1830

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pp. 93-123

...On September 20, 1787, residents of Brussels rose in protest against the reforming zeal of their ruler, Joseph II of Austria, building barricades and obliging the local garrison to make a forced withdrawal from their city. This blow to the pride of imperial forces was merely the opening salvo in the Belgian people’s arduous forty-year struggle to cast...

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6. The Barricade Conquers Europe, 1848

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pp. 124-177

...In late February 1848, Louis-Philippe, who had been brought to power by one popular insurrection, was dethroned by another. The time lapse between the first protests and the king’s abdication — barely forty-eight hours — was even briefer than it had been in 1830. Yet, if we step back from these individual insurrectionary episodes and compare the succession of forms of government in the first half of the nineteenth century with what it had been under the Great Revolution, we might almost say that the pace at...

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7. The Functions of the Barricade

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pp. 178-224

...At first glance, it might appear that the function of barricades is straightforward and self-evident: they serve to protect those who build and defend them. A closer examination reveals, however, that barricades can have many purposes other than the provision of physical cover and that the diversity of their functions goes some ways toward explaining why insurgents have turned to them so consistently. We have already observed barricades...

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8. Barricades and the Culture of Revolution

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pp. 225-242

...The previous chapter hinted at the visibility and symbolic power that the nineteenth- century barricade derived from its association with a “revolutionary tradition.” That last phrase may, at first glance, appear to have something of the quality of an oxymoron, since it joins two concepts that are commonly presumed to be polar opposites...

Appendix A. Database of European Barricade Events

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pp. 243-312

Appendix B. Did the Wave of Revolutionism in 1848 Originate in Paris or Palermo?

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pp. 313-315

Appendix C. The Barricade and Technological Innovations in Transport and Communications

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pp. 316-318

Notes

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pp. 319-386

References

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pp. 387-416

Index

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pp. 417-436

Production Notes

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pp. 437-437