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Based on intensive research in the archives of six countries, this monograph presents an in-depth analysis of Belgium’s monetary and financial history during the Second World War. Exploring Belgium’s financial and business links with Germany, France, The Netherlands, Great Britain, the United States, and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the study focuses on the roles played in this complex wartime network by the Central Bank and private bankers in Brussels, by the Belgian government in exile in London, and by the Belgian minister plenipotentiary in New York. Among the many subjects arising in the course of the analysis are: German attempts to plunder Belgium and Belgian resistance strategies; the peripeteia of the Belgian gold reserve, given in custody to the central banks of France and Great Britain; the role of the Belgian Congo; Belgium’s participation in the discussions leading up to the Bretton Woods conference; and the negotiations for creating a Customs Union, the so-called Benelux, blueprint for the 1958 Treaty of Rome. The final part of the book analyzes the famous monetary reform devised by Belgian Minister of Finance Camille Gutt at the liberation of the country in September 1944. A Small Nation in the Turmoil of the Second World War is a magisterial contribution to European history, Belgian history, and the history of the Second World War.

Table of Contents

  1. Title Page, Copyright
  2. pp. 1-6
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. 7-12
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. 13-16
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  1. Chapter 1. Prelude to a New World Conflict
  2. pp. 17-32
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  1. Chapter 2. The Blitzkrieg and the Banque Nationale de Belgique
  2. pp. 33-46
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  1. Chapter 3. France and the Monetary Crisis
  2. pp. 47-60
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  1. Chapter 4. A Rudderless Belgian Government
  2. pp. 61-78
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  1. Chapter 5. In the Aftermath of Belgium’s War Drama in France
  2. pp. 79-92
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  1. Chapter 6. The Installation of the German Administration
  2. pp. 93-108
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  1. Chapter 7. The Establishment of the Banque d’Emission
  2. pp. 109-126
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  1. Chapter 8. The Politics of Accommodation in Daily Reality
  2. pp. 127-148
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  1. Chapter 9. The Policy of Accommodation Put to the Test
  2. pp. 149-166
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  1. Chapter 10. The Looting of Gold
  2. pp. 167-194
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  1. Chapter 11. In the Shadow of Janssen’s Death
  2. pp. 195-206
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  1. Chapter 12. The Gold Cover and the Clearing System under Discussion
  2. pp. 207-230
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  1. Chapter 13. The Installation of the Banque Nationale de Belgique in London
  2. pp. 231-242
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  1. Chapter 14. The Banque Nationale de Belgique in London in the Maelstrom of War
  2. pp. 243-262
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  1. Chapter 15. The Proceedings against the Banque de France in New York
  2. pp. 263-282
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  1. Chapter 16. The Payment Orders ‘Laut besonderer Mitteilung’
  2. pp. 283-296
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  1. Chapter 17. The Creation of a United Front
  2. pp. 297-310
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  1. Chapter 18. The Rupture of the United Front
  2. pp. 311-326
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  1. Chapter 19. Towards the End of the Occupation
  2. pp. 327-344
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  1. Chapter 20. The Liberation in Sight
  2. pp. 345-360
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  1. Chapter 21. Preparation in London for Post-War Belgium
  2. pp. 361-374
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  1. Chapter 22. The Build-up to Post-War International Cooperation
  2. pp. 375-384
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  1. Chapter 23. Belgium and the New Economic World Order
  2. pp. 385-394
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  1. Chapter 24. The Return from London
  2. pp. 395-412
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  1. Chapter 25. Back to Normality
  2. pp. 413-424
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  1. Chapter 26. The End of an Era
  2. pp. 425-440
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  1. Chapter 27. The Commission of Enquiry and the Legal Investigation
  2. pp. 441-452
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  1. Epilogue
  2. pp. 453-460
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  1. Sources
  2. pp. 461-464
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 465-478
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  1. List of abbreviations
  2. pp. 479-480
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 481-494
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Additional Information

ISBN
9789461660527
Related ISBN
9789058677594
MARC Record
OCLC
715171898
Pages
494
Launched on MUSE
2014-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
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