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In Racial Science in Hitler’s New Europe, 1938–1945, international scholars examine the theories of race that informed the legal, political, and social policies aimed against ethnic minorities in Nazi-dominated Europe. The essays explicate how racial science, preexisting racist sentiments, and pseudoscientific theories of race that were preeminent in interwar Europe ultimately facilitated Nazi racial designs for a “New Europe.”

The volume examines racial theories in a number of European nation-states in order to understand racial thinking at large, the origins of the Holocaust, and the history of ethnic discrimination in each of those countries. The essays, by uncovering neglected layers of complexity, diversity, and nuance, demonstrate how local discourse on race paralleled Nazi racial theory but had unique nationalist intellectual traditions of racial thought.

 Written by rising scholars who are new to English-language audiences, this work examines the scientific foundations that central, eastern, northern, and southern European countries laid for ethnic discrimination, the attempted annihilation of Jews, and the elimination of other so-called inferior peoples.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. pp. C-ii
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  1. Title Page
  2. p. iii
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  1. Copyright Page
  2. pp. iv-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Series Editors’ Introduction
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xi-xii
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  1. List of Abbreviations
  2. pp. xiii-xvi
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  1. Introduction: The Holocaust and Historiographical Debates on Racial Science
  2. pp. 1-34
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  1. 1. Defining “(Un)Wanted Population Addition”
  2. pp. 35-59
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  1. 2. Preserving the “Master Race”
  2. pp. 60-82
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  1. 3. Germanic Brothers
  2. pp. 83-107
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  1. 4. Pure-Blooded Vikings and Peasants
  2. pp. 108-128
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  1. 5. “Nordic-Germanic” Dreams and National Realities
  2. pp. 129-149
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  1. 6. Eugenics into Science
  2. pp. 150-174
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  1. 7. Biological Racism and Antisemitism as Intellectual Constructions in Italian Fascism
  2. pp. 175-199
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  1. 8. Eradicating “Undesired Elements”
  2. pp. 200-236
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  1. 9. “If Our Race Did Not Exist, It Would Have to Be Created”
  2. pp. 237-258
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  1. 10. In the Shadow of Ethnic Nationalism
  2. pp. 259-286
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  1. 11. Building Hitler’s “New Europe”
  2. pp. 287-319
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  1. 12. In Pursuit of Biological Purity
  2. pp. 320-346
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  1. 13. Th e Eternal Voice of the Blood
  2. pp. 347-372
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 373-376
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 377-396
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780803246058
Related ISBN
9780803245075
MARC Record
OCLC
846952888
Pages
448
Launched on MUSE
2013-06-27
Language
English
Open Access
No
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