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In God as Reason: Essays in Philosophical Theology, Vittorio Hösle presents a systematic exploration of the relation between theology and philosophy. In examining the problems and historical precursors of rational theology, he calls on philosophy, theology, history of science, and the history of ideas to find an interpretation of Christianity that is compatible with a genuine commitment to reason. The essays in the first part of God as Reason deal with issues of philosophical theology. Hösle sketches the challenges that a rationalist theology must face and discusses some of the central ones, such as the possibility of a teleological interpretation of nature after Darwin, the theodicy issue, freedom versus determinism, the mind-body problem, and the relation in general between religion, theology, and philosophy. In the essays of the second part, Hösle studies the historical development of philosophical approaches to the Bible, the continuity between the New Testament concept of pneuma and the concept of Geist (spirit) in German idealism, and the rationalist theologies of Anselm, Abelard, Llull, and Nicholas of Cusa, whose innovative philosophy of mathematics is the topic of one of the chapters. The book concludes with a thorough evaluation of Charles Taylor’s theory of secularization.

Table of Contents

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  1. Cover
  2. p. C
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
  2. pp. i-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. vii-xiv
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  1. Philosophical Theology
  1. Chapter 1: The Idea of a Rationalistic Philosophy of Religion and Its Challenges
  2. pp. 1-23
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  1. Chapter 2: Why Teleological Principles Are Inevitable for Reason
  2. pp. 24-49
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  1. Chapter 3: Theodicy Strategies in Leibniz, Hegel, Jonas
  2. pp. 50-74
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  1. Chapter 4: Rationalism, Determinism, Freedom
  2. pp. 75-100
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  1. Chapter 5:Encephalius: A Conversation about the Mind-Body Problem
  2. pp. 101-136
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  1. Chapter 6: Religion, Theology, Philosophy
  2. pp. 137-152
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  1. A Rationalist’s Tradition: Interpretations of Classical Texts
  1. Chapter 7: Philosophy and the Interpretation of the Bible
  2. pp. 155-185
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  1. Chapter 8: To What Extent Is the Concept of Spirit (Geist) in German Idealism a Legitimate Heir to the Concept of Spirit (Pneuma) in the New Testament?
  2. pp. 186-201
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  1. Chapter 9: Reasons, Emotions, and God’s Presence in Anselm of Canterbury’s Dialogue Cur Deus homo
  2. pp. 202-222
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  1. Chapter 10: Interreligious Dialogues during the Middle Ages and Early Modernity
  2. pp. 223-249
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  1. Chapter 11: Platonism and Anti-Platonism in Nicholas of Cusa’s Philosophy of Mathematics
  2. pp. 250-271
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  1. Chapter 12: Can Abraham Be Saved? And: Can Kierkegaard Be Saved?
  2. pp. 272-300
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  1. Chapter 13: A Metaphysical History of Atheism
  2. pp. 301-312
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 313-376
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  1. Source Credits
  2. pp. 377-378
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 379-409
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