In this Book

summary
In Walden Two, behavioral psychologist B. F. Skinner describes one of the most controversial fictional utopias of the twentieth century. During the 1960s and 70s, this novel went on to inspire approximately three dozen actual communities, which are entertainingly examined in Hilke Kuhlmann's Living Walden Two._x000B_In the novel, behavioral engineers use positive reinforcement in organizing and "gently guiding" all aspects of society, leaving the rest of the citizens "free" to lead happy and carefree lives. Among the real-world communities, a recurrent problem in moving past the planning stages was the nearly ubiquitous desire among members to be gentle guides, coupled with strong resistance to being guided. _x000B_In an insightful and often hilarious narrative, Hilke Kuhlmann explores the dynamics of the communities, with an in-depth examination of the two surviving Skinnerian communities: Comunidad Los Horcones in Mexico, and Twin Oaks in Virginia. Drawing on extensive interviews with the founders and key players in the Walden Two communities, Kuhlmann redefines the criteria for their success by focusing on the tension between utopian blueprints for a new society and communal experiments' actual effects on individual lives. _x000B_

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page
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  1. Copyright Page
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  1. Table of Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Introduction
  2. p. ix
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  1. Part 1: B. F. Skinner’s Walden Two
  2. p. 1
  1. 1 Walden Two: A Behaviorist Utopia
  2. pp. 3-22
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  1. 2 Behavioral Psychologyand the Design of Society
  2. pp. 22-30
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  1. 3 Skinner’s Utopian Visionand the Issue of Control
  2. pp. 31-40
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  1. Part 2 The Reception of Walden Two among Behaviorists
  2. p. 41
  1. 4 The Road Not Taken: Skinner,Experimental Communalism,and Token Economies
  2. pp. 43-51
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  1. 5 Sunflower House
  2. pp. 51-54
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  1. 6 Lake Village
  2. pp. 55-69
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  1. 7 Walden Three
  2. pp. 69-78
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  1. Part 3Twin Oaks Community and the Heyday of the Communities Movement
  2. p. 79
  1. 8 The Early Days ofTwin Oaks Community
  2. pp. 81-92
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  1. 9 The Planner-Manager System
  2. pp. 92-101
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  1. 10 The Communal Child-Care Program
  2. pp. 102-106
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  1. 11 The Labor-Credit System
  2. pp. 106-111
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  1. 12 The Appeal of the Labor-Credit Systemfor the Communities Movement
  2. pp. 111-121
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  1. 13 Why People Leave
  2. pp. 122-132
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  1. Part 4 Comunidad Los Horcones: Utopia in the Desert
  2. p. 133
  1. 14 Mexican Contexts
  2. pp. 135-144
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  1. 15 Education
  2. pp. 144-149
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  1. 16 The Economic Structure
  2. pp. 149-150
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  1. 17 Leadership and Decision Making
  2. pp. 150-158
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  1. 18 Behaviorism as Religion
  2. pp. 158-162
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  1. Conclusion
  2. pp. 163-170
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  1. Appendix: Interviews
  2. pp. 171-234
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  1. Works Cited
  2. pp. 235-240
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 241-245
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780252091650
Related ISBN
9780252029622
MARC Record
OCLC
811409117
Pages
264
Launched on MUSE
2013-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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