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  • Beyond Forty Acres and a Mule: African American Landowning Families since Reconstruction
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  • Debra A. Reid
  • 2012
  • Published by: University Press of Florida
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summary

This collection chronicles the tumultuous history of landowning African American farmers from the end of the Civil War to today. Each essay provides a case study of people in one place at a particular time and the factors that affected their ability to acquire, secure, and protect their land.

The contributors walk readers through a century and a half of African American agricultural history, from the strivings of black farm owners in the immediate post-emancipation period to the efforts of contemporary black farm owners to receive justice through the courts for decades of discrimination by the U.S Department of Agriculture. They reveal that despite enormous obstacles, by 1920 a quarter of African American farm families owned their land, and demonstrate that farm ownership was not simply a departure point for black migrants seeking a better life but a core component of the African American experience.

Table of Contents

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  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Contents
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  1. List of Maps
  2. p. vii
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  1. List of Figures
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. List of Tables
  2. p. xi
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  1. Foreword
  2. pp. xiii-xiv
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  1. List of Abbreviations
  2. pp. xv-xviii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-18
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  1. Part I. Historiography and Philosophy
  1. 1. The Jim Crow Section of Agricultural History
  2. pp. 21-35
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  1. Part II. Farm Acquisition and Retention
  1. 2. Out of Mount Vernon’s Shadow: Black Landowners in George Washington’s Neighborhood, 1870–1930
  2. pp. 39-62
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  1. 3. James E. Youngblood: Race, Family, and Farm Ownership in Jim Crow Texas
  2. pp. 63-82
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  1. 4. Benjamin Hubert and the Association for the Advancement of Negro Country Life
  2. pp. 83-105
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  1. Part III. Agrarianism and Black Politics
  1. 5. Black Populism: Agrarian Politics from the Colored Alliance to the People’s Party
  2. pp. 109-131
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  1. 6. “The Lazarus of American Farmers”: The Politics of Black Agrarianism in the Jim Crow South, 1921–1938
  2. pp. 132-152
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  1. Part IV. Farm Families at Work
  1. 7. Land Ownership and the Color Line: African American Farmers in the Heartland, 1870s–1920s
  2. pp. 155-178
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  1. 8. Of the Quest of the Golden Leaf: Black Farmers and Bright Tobacco in the Piedmont South
  2. pp. 179-204
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  1. 9. “Justifiable Pride”: Negotiation and Collaboration in Florida African American Extension
  2. pp. 205-228
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  1. Part V. Legal Activism and Civil Rights Expansion
  1. 10. Black Power in the Alabama Black Belt to the 1970s
  2. pp. 231-253
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  1. 11. “You’re just like mules, you don’t know your own strength”: Rural South Carolina Blacks and the Emergence of the Civil Rights Struggle
  2. pp. 254-270
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  1. 12. Between Forty Acres and a Class Action Lawsuit: Black Farmers, Civil Rights, and Protest against the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1997–2010
  2. pp. 271-296
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  1. Researching African American Land and Farm Owners: A Bibliographic Essay
  2. pp. 297-315
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  1. List of Contributors
  2. pp. 317-319
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 321-350
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