In this Book

summary
Covering an era from the early twentieth century to the present, this volume features twenty-seven South Carolina women of varied backgrounds whose stories reflect the ever-widening array of activities and occupations in which women were engaged in a transformative era that included depression, world wars, and dramatic changes in the role of women. Some striking revelations emerge from these biographical portraits—in particular, the breadth of interracial cooperation between women in the decades preceding the civil rights movement and ways that women carved out diverse career opportunities, sometimes by breaking down formidable occupational barriers. Some women in the volume proceeded cautiously, working within the norms of their day to promote reform even as traditional ideas about race and gender held powerful sway. Others spoke out more directly and forcefully and demanded change.

Most of the women featured in these essays were leaders within their respective communities and the state. Many of them, such as Wil Lou Gray, Hilla Sheriff, and Ruby Forsythe, dedicated themselves to improving the quality of education and health care for South Carolinians. Septima Clark, Alice Spearman Wright, Modjeska Simkins, and many others sought to improve conditions and obtain social justice for African Americans. Others, including Victoria Eslinger and Tootsie Holland, were devoted to the cause of women's rights. Louise Smith, Mary Elizabeth Massey, and Mary Blackwell Butler entered traditionally male-dominated fields, while Polly Woodham and Mary Jane Manigault created their own small businesses. A few, including Mary Gordon Ellis, Dolly Hamby, and Harriet Keyserling exercised political influence. Familiar figures like Jean Toal, current chief justice of the South Carolina Supreme Court, are included, but readers also learn about lesser-known women such as Julia and Alice Delk, sisters employed in the Charleston Naval Yard during World War II.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover, Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-ix
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xi-xviii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xix-xx
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-16
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  1. Ruby Forsythe and Fannie Phelps Adams: Teaching for Confrontation during Jim Crow
  2. pp. 17-34
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  1. Mary Gordon Ellis: The Politics of Race and Gender from Schoolhouse to Statehouse
  2. pp. 35-57
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  1. Julia Mood Peterkin and Wil Lou Gray: The Art and Science of Race Progress
  2. pp. 58-77
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  1. Dr. Hilla Sheriff: Caught between Science and the State at the South Carolina Midwife Training Institutes
  2. pp. 78-94
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  1. Julia and Alice Delk: From Rural Life to Welding at the Charleston Navy Yard in World War II
  2. pp. 95-114
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  1. Louise Smith: The First Lady of Racing
  2. pp. 115-134
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  1. Mary Blackwell Baker: Her Quiet Campaign for Labor Justice
  2. pp. 135-153
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  1. Susan Dart Butler and Ethel Martin Bolden: South Carolina’s Pioneer African American Librarians
  2. pp. 154-178
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  1. Harriet Simons: Women, Race, Politics, and the League of Women Voters of South Carolina
  2. pp. 179-199
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  1. Alice Buck Norwood Spearman Wright: A Civil Rights Activist
  2. pp. 200-220
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  1. Modjeska Monteith Simkins: I Cannot Be Bought and Will Not Be Sold
  2. pp. 221-239
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  1. Septima Poinsette Clark: The Evolution of an Educational Stateswoman
  2. pp. 240-261
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  1. Mary Elizabeth Massey: A Founder of Women’s History in the South
  2. pp. 262-286
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  1. Polly Woodham: The Many Roles of Rural Women
  2. pp. 287-306
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  1. Mary Jane Manigault: A Basket Maker’s Legacy
  2. pp. 307-321
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  1. Dolly Hamby: The Rise of Two-Party Politics in South Carolina
  2. pp. 322-345
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  1. Harriet Keyserling: Political Trailblazer
  2. pp. 346-372
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  1. Victoria Eslinger, Keller Bumgardner Barron, Mary Heriot, Tootsie Holland, and Pat Callair: Champions of Women’s Rights in South Carolina
  2. pp. 373-408
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  1. Jean Hoefer Toal: The Rise of Women in the Legal Profession
  2. pp. 409-433
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  1. Notes on Contributors
  2. pp. 435-440
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 441-459
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780820343815
Related ISBN
9780820342146
MARC Record
OCLC
794555361
Pages
488
Launched on MUSE
2012-06-26
Language
English
Open Access
No
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