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Maryknoll Catholic missionaries from the United States settled in Peru in 1943 believing they could save a “backward” Catholic Church from poverty, a scarcity of clergy, and the threat of communism. Instead, the missionaries found themselves transformed: within twenty-five years, they had become vocal critics of United States foreign policy and key supporters of liberation theology, the preferential option for the poor, and intercultural Catholicism. In The Maryknoll Catholic Mission in Peru, 1943-1989, Susan Fitzpatrick-Behrens explains this transformation and Maryknoll’s influence in Peru and the United States by placing it in the context of a transnational encounter among Catholics with shared faith but distinct practices and beliefs. Peru received among the greatest number of foreign Catholic missionaries who settled in Latin America during the Cold War. It was at the heart of liberation theology and progressive Catholicism, the center of a radical reformist experiment initiated by a progressive military dictatorship, and the site of a devastating civil war promoted by the Maoist Shining Path. Maryknoll participated in all these developments, making Peru a perfect site for understanding Catholic missions, the role of religion in the modern world, and relations between Latin America and the United States.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Frontmatter
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  1. Contents
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-xii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-18
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  1. 1. Maryknoll and the New Deal for Latin America
  2. pp. 19-45
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  1. 2. First Impressions: Maryknoll Priests and the People of Puno, 1943–1953
  2. pp. 47-79
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  1. 3. The Transformative Power of Tradition, 1954–1967
  2. pp. 81-143
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  1. 4. The Limits of Alliances, 1968–1976
  2. pp. 145-203
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  1. 5. Reform, Violence, and "Reconciliation," 1976–1989
  2. pp. 205-229
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  1. Epilogue
  2. pp. 231-239
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  1. Appendix: Foreign-Controlled and Progressive Dioceses in Peru
  2. pp. 240-243
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 244-283
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  1. Selected Bibliography
  2. pp. 284-299
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  1. Index [Includes About the Author, List of other works in series, and Back Cover]
  2. pp. 300-315
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780268079703
Related ISBN
9780268029050
MARC Record
OCLC
794700755
Pages
328
Launched on MUSE
2012-02-08
Language
English
Open Access
No
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