In this Book

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In 1924, the Bolshevik regime began an unprecedented campaign to forcibly emancipate the Muslim women of Tajikistan. The emancipatory reforms included unveiling women, passing progressive family code laws, and educating women. By the 1950s, the Soviet regime largely succeeded in putting an end to veiling, child marriage, polygamy, and bride payments. Yet today there is a resurgence in these practices the Bolsheviks claimed to have eliminated. Coerced Liberation reveals that the Soviet regime transformed the lives of urban women within a single generation but without lasting effect.

Drawing on unique primary sources, the book examines why this occurred. It addresses questions that are pertinent to ongoing debates in the international arena: What happens when an outside force attempts to modernize a society deeply rooted in centuries of patriarchal norms and values? In what ways can a devout religious rural community respond to, survive, and adapt to such interventions? And how does a state-centred, top-down approach towards women’s emancipation work?

Coerced Liberation presents critical insights for readers interested in gender dynamics within Muslim communities, the roles of women in Islam, the resurgence of Islam in former colonial territories, the effectiveness of a top-down approach towards women’s movements, and more.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Half Title Page, Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
  2. pp. iii-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. List of Illustrations
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xi-xii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 3-23
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  1. 1 The Attack: The Soviet Campaign to "Liberate" Muslim Women of Central Asia, 1924-1935
  2. pp. 24-40
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  1. 2 The Retreat: The Stalinist Approach to the Muslim Woman Question, 1935-1953
  2. pp. 41-62
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  1. 3 The Triple Burden: Soviet Reforms in Post-war Rural Tajikistan, 1953-1982
  2. pp. 63-88
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  1. 4 The Beneficiaries: Urban Women Professionals and Their Legacy, 1953-1982
  2. pp. 89-110
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  1. 5 The Thaw Era: Women's Organizations (Zhensoviety) in Post-war Tajikistan, 1953-1982
  2. pp. 111-129
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  1. 6 "I Am Muslim and Soviet": The Soviet Anti-religious Campaign Aimed at Muslim Women, 1953-1982
  2. pp. 130-150
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  1. Epilogue
  2. pp. 151-156
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 157-188
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 189-210
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 211-221
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