In this Book

  • Clandestine Philosophy: New Studieson Subversive Manuscrips in Early Modern Europe, 1620-1823
  • Book
  • Edited by Gianni Paganini, Margaret C. Jacob, and John Christian Laursen
  • 2020
  • Published by: University of Toronto Press
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summary

Clandestine philosophical manuscripts, made up of forbidden works including erotic texts, political pamphlets, satires of court life, forbidden religious texts, and books about the occult, had an avid readership in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, becoming objects of historical research by the twentieth century. The purveyors of the clandestine could be found in the Dutch Republic, Switzerland, Denmark, Spain, and not least in Paris or London. Despite the heavy risks, including prison, the circulation of these manuscripts was a prosperous venture.

After Ira Wade’s pioneering contribution (1938), Clandestine Philosophy is the first work in English entirely focused on the philosophical clandestine manuscripts that preceded and accompanied the birth of the Enlightenment. Topics from philosophy, political and religious thought, and moral and sexual behaviour are addressed by contemporary authors working in both America and Europe. These manuscripts shed light on the birth of pornography and provide an important avenue for investigating philosophical, religious, political, and social critique.

Table of Contents

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  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
  2. pp. i-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-viii
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  1. Preface
  2. Margaret C. Jacob
  3. pp. ix-xiv
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xv-xvi
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  1. Clandestine Philosophy
  1. Introduction: What Is a Clandestine Philosophical Manuscript?
  2. Gianni Paganini
  3. pp. 20-37
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  1. PART One. Clandestinity, the Renaissance, and Early Modern Philosophy
  1. Why, and to What End, Should Historians of Philosophy Study Early Modern Clandestine Texts?
  2. Winfried Schröder
  3. pp. 40-53
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  1. The First Philosophical Atheistic Treatise:Theophrastus redivivus (1659)
  2. Gianni Paganini
  3. pp. 54-101
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  1. PART Two. Politics, Religion, and Clandestinity in Northern Europe
  1. Danish Clandestina from the Early Seventeenth Century? Two Secret Manuscripts and the Destiny of the Mathematician Christoffer Dybvad
  2. Frederik Stjernfelt
  3. pp. 104-139
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  1. "Qui toujours servent d'instruction": Socinian Manuscripts in the Dutch Republic
  2. Wiep Van Bunge
  3. pp. 140-159
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  1. "The political theory of the libertines": Manuscripts and Heterodox Movements in the Early-Eighteenth-Century Dutch Republic
  2. Rienk Vermij
  3. pp. 160-177
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  1. PART Three. Gender, Sexuality, and New Morals
  1. The Science of Sex: Passions and Desires in Dutch Clandestine Circles, 1670-1720
  2. Inger Leemans
  3. pp. 180-209
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  1. Expert of the Obscene: The Sexual Manuscripts of Dutch Scholar Hadriaan Beverland (1650-1716)
  2. Karen Hollewand
  3. pp. 210-237
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  1. PART Four. Clandestinity and the Enlightenment
  1. The Style and Form of Heterodoxy: John Toland's Nazarenus and Pantheisticon
  2. pp. 240-261
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  1. Philosophical Clandestine Literature and Academic Circles in France
  2. Susana Seguin
  3. pp. 262-280
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  1. Joseph as the Natural Father of Christ: An Unknown, Clandestine Manuscript of the Early Eighteenth Century
  2. Martin Mulsow
  3. pp. 281-299
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  1. Clandestine Philosophical Manuscripts in the Catalogue of Marc-Michel Rey
  2. Antony McKenna, Fabienne Val-Bonacci
  3. pp. 300-321
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  1. PART Five. Toleration, Criticism, and Innovation in Religion
  1. The Treatise of the Three Impostors, Islam, the Enlightenment, and Toleration
  2. pp. 324-344
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  1. The Polyvalence of Heterodox Sources and Eighteenth-Century Religious Change
  2. Jeffrey D. Burson
  3. pp. 345-369
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  1. PART Six. Spanish Developments
  1. The Spanish Revolution of 1820-1823 and the Clandestine Philosophical Literature
  2. pp. 372-394
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  1. A Clandestine Manuscript in the Vernacular: An 1822 Spanish Translation of the Examen critique of 1733
  2. pp. 395-413
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  1. Afterword
  2. John Christian Laursen
  3. pp. 414-421
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 422-427
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 428-449
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