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Dr. Hu Shih (1891–1962) was one of China’s top scholars and diplomats and served as the Republic of China’s ambassador to the United States during World War II.  As early as 1941, Hu Shih warned of the fundamental ideological conflict between dictatorial totalitarianism and democratic systems, a view that later became the foundation of the Cold War narrative.  In the 1950s, after Mao’s authoritarian regime was established, Hu Shih started to analyze the development and nature of Communism, delivering a series of lectures and addresses to reveal what he called Stalin’s “grand strategy” for facilitating the International Communist Movement.

For decades—and today to a certain extent—Hu Shih’s political writings were considered sensitive and even dangerous.  As a strident critic of the Chinese Communist Party’s oligarchical practices, he was targeted by the CCP in a concerted national campaign to smear his reputation, cast aspersions on his writings, and generally destroy any possible influence he might have in China.  This volume brings together a collection of Hu Shih’s most important, mostly unpublished, English-language speeches, interviews, and commentaries on international politics, China-U.S. relations, and the International Communist Movement.  Taken together, these works provide an insider’s perspective on Sino-American relations and the development of the International Communist Movement over the course of the 20th century.

Table of Contents

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  1. Cover
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  1. Half Title Page
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  1. Series Information Page
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  1. Title Page
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  1. Copyright Page
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  1. Dedication
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  1. Contents
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  1. Introduction I. A Chinese Diplomat in the Cold War: Hu Shih's View on International Politics
  2. Carlos Yu-Kai Lin
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  1. Introduction II. Hu Shih's Anti-communist Thought
  2. Chih-p’ing Chou
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  1. 1. Do We Need or Want Dictatorship?
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  1. 2. Family of Nations
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  1. 3. The New Disorder in East Asia and the World at Large
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  1. 4. China and the World War
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  1. 5. Historical Foundations for a Democratic China
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  1. 6. Ambassador Hu Shih Describes China's Ten-Year Fight for Freedom, Struggle against Aggression
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  1. 7. The Conflict of Ideologies
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  1. 8. The Chinese Revolution
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  1. 9. China in Stalin's Grand Strategy
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  1. 10. The Free World Needs a Free China
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  1. 11. Address to the Commonwealth Club of San Francisco, CA
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  1. 12. Why the Main War Will Be Fought in Asia-Not Europe
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  1. 13. Communism in China
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  1. 14. My Former Student, Mao Tse-Tung
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  1. 15. Review of John De Francis's Nationalism and Language Reform in China
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  1. 16. How to Understand a Decade of Rapidly Deteriorated Sino-American Relations
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  1. 17. Communism, Democracy, and Culture Pattern
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  1. 18. China Seven Years after Yalta
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  1. 19. The Suffering Chinese Intellectuals behind the Iron Curtain
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  1. 20. China in Distress
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  1. 21. The Three Stages of the Campaign for Thought Reform in Communist China
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  1. 22. Introduction to Liu Shaw-tong's Out of Red China
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  1. 23. Introduction to John Leighton Stuart's Fifty Years in China
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  1. 24. Communist Propaganda and the Fall of China
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  1. 25. How Free Is Formosa?
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  1. 26. The Right to Doubt in Ancient Chinese Thought
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  1. 27. The Importance of a Free China
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  1. 28. Intellectual China Still Resistant to Communist Dictatorship
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  1. 29. The Communist Regime in China Is Unstable and Shaky
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  1. 30. A Sum-Up and a Warning
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  1. 31. John Dewey in China
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  1. 32. China's Lesson for Freedom
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  1. 33. The Conflict between Man's Right to Knowledge and the Security of the Community
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  1. 34. The Chinese Tradition and the Future
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  1. Footnotes
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  1. Index
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