Abstract

Abstract:

Objective. To determine the impact of adverse social and behavioral determinants of health (SBDH) on health care use in a safety-net community hospital (SNCH) heart failure (HF) population. Methods. We performed a retrospective analysis of HF patients at a single SNCH between 2018–2019 (N= 4594). Results. At least one adverse SBDH was present in 21% of the study population. Patients with at least one adverse SBDH were younger (57 vs. 68 years), more likely to identify as Black (50% vs. 36%), be male (68% vs. 53%), and have Medicaid insurance (48% vs. 22%), p<.001. Presence of at least one adverse SBDH (homelessness, substance use, or incarceration) correlated with increased hospitalizations (2.3 vs 1.4/patient) and ED visits (5.1 vs 2.1/patient), p<.0001. Adverse SBDH were independent predictors of HF readmissions. Prescribing of guideline-directed medical therapy was similar among all patients. Conclusions. In a SNCH HF cohort, adverse SBDH predominantly afflict younger Black men on Medicaid and are associated with increased utilization.

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