In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

  • Particular Populations and Site of Care
  • Virginia M. Brennan, PhD, MA

The second issue of JHCPU for our 35th anniversary year has been in production as the campus at Meharry Medical College gets ready for graduation. Spring is in the air! Here, I will briefly overview what is in this issue.

The articles fall into five groups, pediatric and adolescent health, women's health and sexual minority health, homelessness and health inequities, chronic illness and cancer, and site of care. Listed by the lead author's last name and a thumbnail statement of the article's focus, the articles are grouped below, each group followed by a brief summary.

Pediatric and Adolescent Health

  • Chen et al. (adolescent academic intention)

  • Bachiller et al. (telemedicine among pregnant patients and parents of toddlers)

  • Okamoto et al. (Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander youths' e-cigarette resistance)

We could look at the pediatric and adolescent health articles as focused on what works. Chen et al. find that both parental education and adolescent academic intentions coincide with improved health outcomes. Bachiller et al. investigated the acceptability of telemedicine continuing post-social isolation among pregnant people and parents of toddlers—the respondents were enthusiastic. Okamoto et al. explored with Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander youth what e-cigarette resistance strategies they used successfully.

Women's Health and Sexual Minority Health

  • Barreto et al.(patient-physician concordance in perinatal care)

  • Handler et al. (women's preventive care use during COVID)

  • Tefera et al. (primary health care services among Ethiopian immigrant women)

  • Huang et al. (health care utilization and care-seeking behavior among vulnerabilized sexual minority women)

  • Tristan-Cheever et al. (Brazilian transgender patients in the United States)

In Barreto et al.'s analysis of 1,505 predominantly non-Hispanic White family physicians, the majority perceived gender and language concordance to affect perinatal care more than racial or ethnic concordance. Handler et al. compared a series of time frames from the Illinois Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data from 2012–2020 among women aged 21–75 (n=21,258). They found significant decreases for Black women for cervical cancer screening associated with COVID-19. Tefera et al. explored through in-depth interviews with 21 Ethiopian immigrant women what [End Page vii] facilitated their primary health care, finding important influences at the individual, interpersonal, community, and institutional (but not policy) levels. Huang et al. explored with 25 sexual minority women what impedes their access to care. This is a subset of sexual minority women: participants had either injected drugs or had sex with a man in the past year; all were low-income and cisgender. In a Commentary, Tristan-Cheever et al. explore the barriers to care faced by Brazilian transgender and gender diverse people in a community health care system serving large numbers of Brazilian immigrants. While some circumstances improve upon immigration to the U.S., significant problems remain.

Health Inequities and Homelessness among Veterans

  • Kaufman et al. (inequities in COVID-19-related patient outcomes by sociodemographic characteristics: A scoping review)

  • Belton et al. (health equity impact assessments)

  • Lin et al. (stroke and subsequent mortality among a sample of Veterans with history of housing instability)

  • Nelson et al. (VA program for support for housing)

By means of a scoping review, Kaufman et al. report on 170 papers published prior to widespread vaccine availability on COVID-19-related morbidity and mortality stratified by socio-demographic differences. The most widely investigated socio-demographic differences in COVID-19 morbidity and mortality were race and ethnicity; members of minoritized racial and ethnic groups were more likely than non-Hispanic White people to have worse COVID-19-related patient outcomes. Health equity impact assessments are the focus of Belton et al., with assessments completed by five local health departments. Lin et al. used a national sample of Veterans (n=565,608) with housing instability between 2014–2018 to investigate correlates of stroke, which was experienced by four percent of the sample. Those who had a first stroke were more frequently male, older than 55 years, Black, and non-Hispanic than those who did not. Among unstably housed Veterans, those who had a stroke had three times the odds of mortality as those who...