Abstract

Abstract:

Understanding the extent to which demographic and socioeconomic factors play a role in the disparities associated with duration between testing positive for COVID-19 and hospital admission will help in achieving equitable health outcomes. This project linked the statewide COVID-19 registry to administrative datasets to examine the variation in times between testing positive for COVID-19 and hospital admission by race/ethnicity and insurance. In 2020, there were 11,314 patients admitted for COVID-19 in Arkansas. Approximately 42.2% tested positive for COVID-19 on the same day as hospital admission. Black patients had 38% higher odds of hospitalization on the day of testing compared with White patients (p<.001). Medicaid and uninsured patients had 51% and 50% higher odds of admission on the day of testing compared with privately insured patients (both p<.001), respectively. This study highlights the implications of reduced access to testing with respect to equitable health outcomes.

pdf

Share