This article explores how American cinema's global dominance during the silent era affected Sweden's film culture and industry. It focuses on the heated public debate about American movies that culminated in a 1926 parliamentary bill that called for an investigation into the allegedly detrimental impact of American cinema. The article analyzes the bill and the US government's response to it, as traced through diplomatic correspondence between the American legation in Stockholm and the State Department and the Department of Commerce in Washington, DC—all in an effort to uncover previously unexplored dimensions of Swedish film culture of the 1920s.